HUBUNGAN USIA, JENIS KELAMIN DAN STATUS NUTRISI DENGAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS DI RSUP DR. KARIADI SEMARANG

MARTINA, ADINDA DEVI and Kholis, Fathur Nur (2012) HUBUNGAN USIA, JENIS KELAMIN DAN STATUS NUTRISI DENGAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS DI RSUP DR. KARIADI SEMARANG. Undergraduate thesis, Fakultas Kedokteran.

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Abstract

Background: One – third of the populations in the world are being infected by tuberculosis. In 2010, Indonesia was proven to be the 4th country in terms of the amount of people that are being infected by tuberculosis. Actually TB is a chronic disease that leads to anemia. Anemia itself can cause the extension of patients’ length of stay in hospital and also has a major impact to the patient’s quality of life. Anemia that impacted to tuberculosis’ patients is a result of bad nutrition consumed by the patient, therefore it is presumed that the serum albumin concentration, which is used as a parameter of the nutrition, is also a risk factor of anemia in tuberculosis. Goal: To find out whether gender, age, and nutritional state are related to anemia in tuberculosis. Method: This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. The subjects were 73 medical records of tuberculosis patients. The data consisted of identity, age, gender, and laboratory test that included hemoglobin and serum albumin concentration as the parameter of nutritional state. The statistic test used was Chi Square test. Result: Age could not be concluded related to anemia in tuberculosis (RP=1,0; CI 95 %=0,6-1,5). Gender could not be concluded related to anemia in tuberculosis (RP=0,8; CI 95%=0,6-1). The nutritional state could be concluded related to anemia in tuberculosis (RP=1,3; CI 95%=1,09 – 1,7). Conclusion: According to the analysis of the research; age and gender can not be concluded related to anemia in tuberculosis. Nutritional state is related to anemia in tuberculosis. Keywords: tuberculosis, anemia, age, gender, nutritional state, serum albumin concentration.

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:37288
Deposited By:Ms Lutfiatun Heni
Deposited On:29 Nov 2012 08:20
Last Modified:29 Nov 2012 08:20

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