APLIKASI METODE FOAM- MAT DRYING PADA PROSES PENGERINGAN SPIRULINA

Nurul , Asiah, and Rangkum , Sembodo, and Aji , Prasetyaningum (2012) APLIKASI METODE FOAM- MAT DRYING PADA PROSES PENGERINGAN SPIRULINA. JURNAL TEKNOLOGI KIMIA DAN INDUSTRI, 1 (1). pp. 461-467.

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Abstract

Spirulina is a microalgae fine plant (Cyanobacteria) single celled, blue green colored, spiral typed growed in warm water around the world. Spirulina have many Phytonutrient (Beta-carotene, Chlorophyl, Xanthophyl, Phyocianin, etc) functioned as anti-carcinogen (Tri Panji & Suharyanto, 2001). Drying process usually use high cost drying tools (freeze dryer, spray dryer, roller dryer, or dehumidifier). Drying with the foam type faster the water evaporation process in a low temperature that is not destroyed the cell system, so the nutrition value is save (Kumalaningsih, etc, 2005). In general, this research done to compare two drying method, there are: non foam-mat drying method and with foam-mat drying method that show the optimum drying process condition to get the high quality of spirulina drying product and the high efficiency process too. The result of the research show that the foam-mat drying method give the better drying rate compared with non foam-mat drying process. The sample with the foam agent composition (egg white) 2,5% and the foam stabilizer (metil celulose) 0,5% give the highest drying rate compare with the others. The highest average rate showed the sample with the thickness 1mm, which is 0,632 g H2O steamed per second.. Based on consideration of product quality and drying process efficiency, drying temperature is relatively good to the application of foam-mat drying in spirulina is 60oC. The result of beta-carotene test show that the quality of dry product with foammat drying method still on the dry product quality standard in the market, that is 149,025 mg/ 100 g. The data obtained from the research be expected become the reference in the equipment design of the spirulina drying process and become the solution of cheap, efficient, and effective drying method, without decrease the nutrition value of the material.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:drying, spirulina, foam‐mat drying
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
ID Code:36838
Deposited By:teknik kimia
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 05:34
Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 05:34

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