Susanto, Heru and Ulbricth, Mathias (2007) Photografted Thin Polymer Hydrogel Layers on PES Ultrafiltration Membranes: Characterization, Stability, and Influence on Separation Performance. Langmuir, 23 (14). pp. 7818-7830. ISSN 17547431
|PDF (Highly fouling-resistant ultrafiltration (UF) membranes were synthesized by heterogeneous photograft copolym-erization of two water-soluble monomers, poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (PEGMA) and N,N-dimethyl-N-(2-methacryloyloxyethyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)) - Published Version |
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Highly fouling-resistant ultrafiltration (UF) membranes were synthesized by heterogeneous photograft copolymerization of two water-soluble monomers, poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (PEGMA) and N,N-dimethyl-N-(2-methacryloyloxyethyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium betaine (SPE), with and without cross-linker monomer N,N′-methylene bisacrylamide (MBAA), onto a polyethersulfone (PES) UF membrane. The characteristics, the stability, and the UF separation performance of the resulting composite membranes were evaluated in detail. The membranes were characterized with respect to membrane chemistry (by ATR-IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis), surface wettability (by contact angle), surface charge (by zeta potential), surface morphology (by scanning electron microscopy),and pure water permeability and rejection of macromolecular test substances (including the “cutoff” value). The surface chemistry and wettability of the composite membranes did not change after incubating in sodium hypochlorite solution (typically used for cleaning UF membranes) for a period of 8 days. Changes in water permeability after static contact with solutions of a model protein (myoglobin) were used as a measure of fouling resistance, and the results suggest that PEGMA- and SPE-based composite membranes at a sufficient degree of graft modification showed much higher adsorptive fouling resistance than unmodified PES membranes of similar or larger nominal cutoff. This was confirmed in UF experiments with myoglobin solutions. Similar results, namely, a very much improved fouling resistance due to the grafted thin polymer hydrogel layer, were also obtained in the UF evaluation using humic acid as another strong foulant. In some cases, the addition of the cross-linker during modification could improve both permeate flux and solute rejection during UF. Overall, composite membranes prepared with an “old generation” nonfouling material, PEGMA, showed better performance than composite membranes prepared with a “new generation” one, the zwitterionic SPE.
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering|
Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||12 Oct 2012 09:38|
|Last Modified:||12 Oct 2012 13:54|
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