COMPREHENDS THE EXPERIENCE OF THE PARTICIPANT OF ESQ 165 TRAINING IN INTERPRETING THE 10 POINTS OF ESQ 165 TEACHING WHICH HAS BEEN JUDGED AS PERVERT BY THE MUFTI OF MALAYSIA FEDERAL TERRITORY

TRI UTAMI, LISTIANI (2012) COMPREHENDS THE EXPERIENCE OF THE PARTICIPANT OF ESQ 165 TRAINING IN INTERPRETING THE 10 POINTS OF ESQ 165 TEACHING WHICH HAS BEEN JUDGED AS PERVERT BY THE MUFTI OF MALAYSIA FEDERAL TERRITORY. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT RESEARCHER : LISTIANI TRI UTAMI STUDENT NUMBER : D2C 007 050 TITLE : COMPREHENDS THE EXPERIENCE OF THE PARTICIPANT OF ESQ 165 TRAINING IN INTERPRETING THE 10 POINTS OF ESQ 165 TEACHING WHICH HAS BEEN JUDGED AS PERVERT BY THE MUFTI OF MALAYSIA FEDERAL TERRITORY The study background was the case of pervert fatwa signed by Datuk Hj. Wan Zahidi bin Wan Teh (The Mufti of Malaysia Federal Territory) on July 7th, 2010. As one of 13 Malaysia’s Mufti, He assumed that ESQ 165 has 10 teaching points which can mislead the Islamic aqidah and syariah. The ESQ Way 165 is a teaching concept blends the intellectual, emotional, and spiritual quotient in humans which is then applied in an ESQ 165 training in order to help someone to establish moral value and character building using these three potential quotients. This research was aimed to describe or portray the experience of the participants of ESQ 165 training in interpreting the 10points of ESQ 165 teaching which has been judged as pervert by the Mufti of Malaysia Federal Territory, using the Theories of Message Reception and Processing in the perspective of communication psychology. The type of research used in the study was qualitative descriptive methodology involved phenomenology approach. The sampling started from the key informant, the first person who told about propagation of a magazine contains the pervert fatwa upon 10 points of ESQ 165 teaching which was happened after the first batch basic training of ESQ 165 at IKIP PGRI Semarang on August 2010. And then, the key informant referred another three informants which was presumed “rich of data”. These three other informant was also the alumnae of ESQ 165 training at 2010, who has been read the pervert fatwa upon 10points of ESQ 165 teaching. Data analysis technique of the study used Van Kaam Phenomenology Data Analysis methodology. Thematic description purposed as guidance to answer the study’s questions. It was categorized into four main themes, they are: 1) Liberalism in Islamic religion; 2) Pluralism in Islamic religion; 3) The prophetic revelation in Islamic Religion; 4) Renewal (the adaptability to current condition) in Islamic religion. The public communication is a kind of communication used in the ESQ 165 training. Result of the research denoted that there were informant who felt comfortable in the teaching process of ESQ 165 Training in consideration of positive effect, and there were also uncomfortable informan because they felt have no room for their argumentation in the training. Meaning used in psychological perspective emphasized on individual conceptual filter, involved behaviour, belief, need, motive, impulse, image, cognition, self concept, orientation, emotion, perception, instinct, feeling, or another several hypotheses. The result of the research marked two different interpretations from ESQ training informant. Some of them accepted the 10points of pervert fatwa upon ESQ 165 teaching by the reason that they have found some deviation during the training. Meanwhile, some other rejected 10points of pervert fatwa upon ESQ 165 teaching since they have not found any evidence of deviation during the training. A set of theory cognitive helped to understand interpretation distinction from each individual as a common phenomenon. If only each person understand that his/her conceptual filter is different from other’s conceptual filter, of course it will be easy to appreciate interpretation diversity that might be happened. Keywords : interpretation, pervert fatwa, public communication ABSTRAK NAMA PENELITI : LISTIANI TRI UTAMI NIM : D2C 007 050 JUDUL : MEMAHAMI PENGALAMAN PESERTA TRAINING ESQ 165 DALAM MEMAKNAI 10 POIN AJARAN ESQ 165 YANG DINILAI SESAT OLEH MUFTI WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN MALAYSIA Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kasus fatwa sesat yang ditandatangani Datuk Hj. Wan Zahidi bin Wan Teh (Mufti Wilayah Persekutuan Malaysia) pada 7 Juli 2010. Salah satu dari 13 mufti negara bagian Malaysia tersebut menganggap ESQ 165 memiliki 10 poin ajaran yang dapat merusak akidah serta syari’ah Islam. ESQ Way 165 merupakan suatu kosep ajaran yang menggabungkan kecerdasan intelektual, emosional, dan spiritual dalam diri manusia yang kemudian diaplikasikan dalam sebuah training ESQ 165 untuk membantu seseorang mencapai kebahagiaan hidup. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pengalaman peserta training ESQ 165 dalam memaknai 10 poin ajaran ESQ 165 yang dianggap sesat oleh Mufti Wilayah Persekutuan Malaysia dengan menggunakan kumpulan Teori Penerimaan dan Pemrosesan Pesan (Theories of Message Reception and Processing) dalam perpektif psikologi komunikasi. Tipe penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Pengambilan sampel dimulai dari Informan Kunci yang merupakan orang yang pertama kali memberitahu adanya kasus penyebaran majalah berisi 10 poin fatwa sesat ajaran ESQ 165 setelah diadakannya training ESQ 165 Basic angkatan pertama di IKIP PGRI Semarang pada bulan Agustus 2010. Kemudian Informan Kunci menunjuk tiga informan lain yang dianggap “kaya data”. Informan lain tersebut juga merupakan alumni training ESQ 165 Basic tahun 2010 yang telah membaca 10 poin fatwa sesat ajaran ESQ 165. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan modifikasi metode analisis data fenomenologi dari Van Kaam. Gambaran tematis yang digunakan sebagai panduan untuk menjawab pertanyaan penelitian ini dikelompokkan ke dalam empat tema pokok yaitu : 1) Liberalisme dalam Agama Islam; 2) Pluralisme dalam Agama Islam; 3) Wahyu Kenabian dalam Agama Islam; 4) Reaktualisasi (penyesuaian dengan kondisi masa kini) dalam Agama Islam. Komunikasi publik merupakan jenis komunikasi yang dipakai dalam training ESQ 165. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya informan yang nyaman dengan proses pembelajaran training ESQ karena memberikan efek positif, namun ada juga informan yang tidak nyaman karena kurang mendapatkan keleluasaan berpendapat. Makna yang digunakan dalam perspektif psikologi menekankan pada filter konseptual individu meliputi sikap, keyakinan, kebutuhan, motif, dorongan, citra, kognisi, konsep diri, orientasi, emosi, persepsi, instink, perasaan, atau sejumlah hipotesisi lainnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan dua pemaknaan berbeda dari informan training ESQ 165. Ada informan yang menyetujui 10 poin fatwa sesat ajaran ESQ 165 karena ia menemukan beberapa bukti penyimpangan ketika mengikuti training ESQ 165. Terdapat pula beberapa informan yang menolak 10 poin fatwa sesat ajaran ESQ 165 karena mereka tidak menemukan adanya bukti penyimpangan ketika mengikuti training ESQ 165. Kumpulan teori kognitif membantu pemahaman adanya perbedaan pemaknaan dari setiap individu sebagai fenomena yang wajar terjadi. Kalau saja setiap individu menyadari bahwa filter konseptual yang dimilikinya berbeda dengan filter konseptual orang lain, tentu tidak akan terlalu sulit baginya untuk memahami adanya keanekaragaman pemaknaan yang mungkin ditimbulkan. Kata kunci : pemaknaan, fatwa sesat, komunikasi publik

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions:Faculty of Social and Political Sciences > Department of Communication
ID Code:34962
Deposited By:Jurusan Ilmu Komunikasi Fisip Undip
Deposited On:10 Apr 2012 10:16
Last Modified:10 Apr 2012 10:16

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