PEMANFAATAN KULIT KACANG TANAH MENJADI ASAP CAIR MENGGUNAKAN PROSES PIROLISIS GUNA UNTUK PENGASAPAN IKAN PINDANG LAYANG (DECAPTERUS SPP) (Utilization of Peanut Skin Become Liquid Smoke Using Pyrolysis Process for Making Smoked Decapterus Spp)

ANI, BUDI YULI (2012) PEMANFAATAN KULIT KACANG TANAH MENJADI ASAP CAIR MENGGUNAKAN PROSES PIROLISIS GUNA UNTUK PENGASAPAN IKAN PINDANG LAYANG (DECAPTERUS SPP) (Utilization of Peanut Skin Become Liquid Smoke Using Pyrolysis Process for Making Smoked Decapterus Spp). Undergraduate thesis, UNDIP.

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Abstract

Pirolisasi is a process of chemical decomposition of organic material through a heating process with no or little oxygen or other reagents, where the raw material will experience a chemical solution into the gas phase structure. The material used is biomass (organic material) which is the production of living beings. In this lab, will be an experiment to produce liquid smoke from oil palm shell by using Pyrolysis. Pyrolysis tool is equipped with a furnace albakos, the reservoir of tar, condensers, vacuum, and gas stoves. The variables used are divided into 2 is fixed variable and independent variables. Fixed variable used is the time and volume of material used while the independent variables are the type of materials used in each experiment. The experimental results and calculations, the experiment pirolysis palm kernel shells for 3 hour experiment. The experimental results 60 minutes, specific gravity obtained 120,180:0,9336gr/ml, 0,93gr/ml, 0,9152gr/ml for its viscosity in a row is 1,284cp, 1,1073cp, 0,857cp. The resulting volume is 180ml, 150ml, 100ml. Ph 5,4,4. From these experiments it is concluded that the longer the combustion of oil palm shells, the less the volume of liquid smoke produced, so that the lower the density and viscosity. Likewise with yieldnya the lower levels. This is because the volume of produced liquid smoke less and also the existence of impurities from ending. Not only that volume decreased with the length of time due to the smoke generated participated condensed liquid with water. And also charcoal burning has been exhausted so that no smoke is absorbed condensed.

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering > Diploma in Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering > Diploma in Chemical Engineering
ID Code:34740
Deposited By:Mrs Pudja D3 Teknik Kimia
Deposited On:14 Mar 2012 11:57
Last Modified:14 Mar 2012 11:57

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