INDISCH ARCHITECTURE ON WOODEN HOUSE IN STILTS IN GROBOGAN PURWODADI

Sukawi, Sukawi (2009) INDISCH ARCHITECTURE ON WOODEN HOUSE IN STILTS IN GROBOGAN PURWODADI. In: Seminar Internasional " NURI " , Ruang Seminar Gedung A Lt.3 Jurusan Arsitektur FT. Undip.

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Abstract— Indisch architecture is the work of adaptation, the building appeared adjustment, is the principle of Dutch architecture as a concept on how to build and respond to social culture and climate. The building was designed by Dutch architecture and the consequences of using local materials by considering vernicular and traditional buildings. The most prominent effort in the adjustment of the building in humid tropical climate is the anticipation of: Ventilation, manifested by the number of opening for air flow. The rain and the sun is anticipated to create a gallery along the building so that when the window is open will be protected from direct sunlight and rain tempias. Dutch architect sensitivity of tropical climate and the environment, seen from construction elements to regulate air conditional and lighting as well as protection against rain. Almost all the buildings surrounding the alley has rooms on the outside. This section has a double function, as liaison, heat insulation and direct sunlight. In Central Java there is also a wooden house stage, which is the home office for Perhutani. Now this was a rare home existed, and only among the surrounding woods in Kedung jati Grobogan. Wooden house is a relic of this stage of the Dutch (Indonesia's forestry history I) From the aspect of architecture, architectural conception Indisch still visible with a big yard, steep roofs, high ceilings and do not use the traditional layout (Java), but have adopted elements local culture and respond to climate. Further functional reasons, for the bathroom, lavatory, kitchen which is designed service building outside the main building or separate. Keywords : Architecture Indisch, houses on stilts, spatial I. INTRODUCTION To find comfort in the building, the Dutch architect also trying to work they can adapt to the situation in Indonesia. Adjustments to the tropical climate. occurred in Indonesia at the moment is how to solve the problem of ventilation. The people here some sweaty, adequate ventilation is a necessity. In a large building with many rooms that have diverse functions, natural ventilation is the way out. The main demand in the residential areas of the tropics is 1st Sukawi, Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Jl. Prof Soedarto Tembalang Semarang, Telp. 024-70585369, email : zukawi@gmail.com & zukawi@yahoo.com. Roof sun and rain, the solution will determine the form of the exterior. Walkway that is used as a corridor connecting cause behind it remains cool room. The second thing is the hot air that must be driven by natural ventilation through the vent and the window (Hoytema, 1946). In this study the traditional houses, the Dutch architect stressed that they could be friendly design with climate and other conditions. In Sidhartha (1997) some of them run in the design: - Create an open porch in front, beside or around the building. - Overhange broad to protect the walls and windows from direct sunlight or rain. - The height of the wall about 4 feet and enough natural ventilation above the doors and windows. - Tropical gardens with trees enough. Pioneer adjustment of colonial architecture with a wet tropical climate in Indonesia is Prof.. BJ Klinhammer dab. Quendag. Both architects are designing buildings railroad Nederland Indische Spoorweg Semarang. In Handinoto (1996) The most prominent businesses in the adjustment of the building in humid tropical climate is the anticipation of: - Ventilation, banyakanya realized with the opening for air flow. - The rain and the sun is anticipated to create a gallery along the building so that when the window is open will be protected from direct sunlight and rain tempias. Layout diusahaan building facing north-south direction to avoid direct sunlight Understanding Architecture Indisch. Indisch word comes from the Dutch "Nederlandsch Indie" or the name of the Dutch East Indies Dutch colony across the ocean which geographically covers the colonies in the archipelago called Nerlandsch Oost Indie. Form of building homes Dutch government officials who have characteristics of building solidarity between the Dutch and the traditional home by Berlage termed Indo Europeesche Bouwkunst, van de Wall Indische called it Atmadi Huizen and call it architecture Parmono Indisch (Soekiman, 2000) . Indisch architecture is the work of adaptation, the building appeared adjustment, is the principle of Dutch architecture as a concept on how to build and respond to social culture and climate. The building was designed by Dutch architecture and the consequences of using local materials by considering the traditional buildings and vernicular (Atmadi P, 1988). According Sidarta (1997) Architecture Architecture Indisch actually means built

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering > Department of Architecture Engineering
Faculty of Engineering > Department of Architecture Engineering
ID Code:3161
Deposited By:arsitek Agus Pramono arsitek
Deposited On:07 Jan 2010 15:07
Last Modified:07 Jan 2010 15:07

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