Hubungan KONDISI FISIK LINGKUNGAN RUANG TIDUR DAN KEBERADAAN PENDERITA TBC DENGAN ANGKA KUMAN UDARA DI KOTA PONTIANAK PROPINSI KAKIMANTAN BARAT

SUYATNO, SUYATNO (2006) Hubungan KONDISI FISIK LINGKUNGAN RUANG TIDUR DAN KEBERADAAN PENDERITA TBC DENGAN ANGKA KUMAN UDARA DI KOTA PONTIANAK PROPINSI KAKIMANTAN BARAT. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Kualitas udara dalam ruangan (Indoor Air Quality) merupakan masalah yang perlu mendapat perhatian karena akan berpengaruh terhadap kesehatan manusia. Penyebab timbulnya masalah kualitas udara dalam rungan pada umumnya disebabkan oleh beberapa hal, yaitu kurangnya ventilasi udara (52%), adanya sumber kontaminan di dalam kurang (16%), kontaminan dari luar ruangan (10%), bakteri (5%), bahan material bangunan (4%), lain-lain (13%). Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kondisi fisik ruang tidur (Kepadatan hunian, Ventilasi, Pencahayaan, Suhu, Kelambaban) dan keberadaan penderita TBC dengan angka kuman udara dalam rumah penderita baru yang berkunjung di BP4 Kota Pontianak Propinsi Kalimantan Barat Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional, pendekatan yang digunakan studi (Cross Sectional. Jumalah sampel 81 rumah. Variabel terikat adalah Angka Kuman Udara, Variabel bebas : Kondisi pencahayaan, ventilasi, Suhu ruangan Kelembaban udara, Kepadatan pengaruhi, Keberadaan penderita TBC. Uji statistik yang digunakanRank Correlation Test(Spearman's) dan Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menujukan ada hubungan antara kepadatan hunian ruang tidur dengan angka kuman udara dengan nilai p Value o,oo4 dan r =0,317, luas ventilasi dengan angka kuman udara dengan nilai p value 0,001 dan r =0,493, kondisi pencahayaan dan angka kuman udara dengan nilai p value 0,0001 dan r = 0,596, suhu udara dengan angka udara dengan nilai p value 0,009 dan r = 0,287, kondisi kelembaban dengan angka kuman udara dengan nilai p value 0,0001 dan r = 0,468, keberadaan penderita TBC dan angka kuman dengan p value 0,004 dan C =0,346. Kesimpulan ada hubungan antara kepadatan penghuni, pencahayaan, suhu udara, kelembaban dan keberadaan penerita TBC dengan angka kuman udara. Disarankan adanya intervensi perbaikan kondisi perumahan khususnya ventilasi dan pencahayaan melalui program klinik saitasi. Kata Kunci: Angka kuman udara, Ruang tidur,TBC THE CORRELATION BETWEEN PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION OF BEDROOM AND THE PRESENCE OF TBC CASES WITH TOTAL COUNT OF BACTERIA IN PONTIANAK WEST KALIMANTAN PROVINCE Indoor air quuality is a problem that need attention, because it can influence human health. The cause of indoor air quality problem generally are the lack of the room (16%), contaminatred from outdoor(10%), bacteria (5%) construction material (4%), and other (13%). The aim of this reaserch was to know the correlation between environmental physical condition of bedroom (in habitant density, vantilation, illumination, temperature and humidity). And the presence of TBC cases and the concentration of bacteria on the air the TBC sufteres house who have just visited BP4 Pontianak in the West Kalimantan Province. This was an observasional research with crooss sectional on subjects 81 houses Dependen variable is the concentration of bacteria on the air, independent variable are the condition of illumination, ventilation, room temperature, humidity, inhabitant density, and the presence of TBC sufterer. Statistical test used in this research were Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test, Rank Correlation Test (Spearman's) Chi-Square.The result showed the there was a correlation between concentration of bacteria on the air with inhabintant density of the bedroom p = 0.004, r =0.0317, with the capacious of ventilasion p = 0.0001, r =0.493, with condition of illumination p = 0.0001, r =0.596, with temperature p = 0.009, r = 0.286, with humidity condition p = 0.0001, rb= 0468and with TBC sufferer p value 0,004 and and C= 0,346. lt could be conclude thet there were correlation between inhbitant density, illumination, temperature, humidity the presence of TBC TBC sufferer and and the concentration of bacteria of the air. Suggestion from the research were to do intervention to improve the house conditions, especially to make better ventilation and illumination through Sanitation Clinic Service Program Keyword : Bacteria in the air, brdroom, TBC

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:29056
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:10 Aug 2011 10:14
Last Modified:10 Aug 2011 10:14

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