PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL BY ULTRASOUND ASSISTED ESTERIFICATION OF RUBBERSEED OIL

Fajar, Tommy Berkah and Hadiyanto, Hadiyanto and Widayat, Widayat (2010) PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL BY ULTRASOUND ASSISTED ESTERIFICATION OF RUBBERSEED OIL. Technical Report. Faculty of Engineering, Semarang.

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Abstract

Currently, the production of biodiesel is shifting from 1st generation to of 2nd generation where the raw materials are mostly from non-edible type oils and fats. Production of biodiesel is commonly operated under batch operation using mechanical mixing to accelerate mass transfer. The main bottleneck of esterification of oils is that they often contain large amounts of free fatty acids (FFA) which is reduce the yield of biodiesel and requires longer production time (2-5 hours). This longer time and lower yield seem to be major disadvantage for biodiesel production. Ultrasonification has been used in many applications due to its ability to produce cavitations. Therefore this research is aimed to implement ultrasound technology to improve biodiesel production process. A unit of cleaner ultrasound was facilitated under constant temperature and 40 Hz frequency. The result of this research showed that the ultrasound reduced significantly the processing time while the yield of biodiesel increases. The appropriate model to describe correlation of yield and defined variabels is Y= 43,4894 – 0,6926 X1 + 1,1807 X2 – 7,1042 X3 + 2,6451 X1X2 – 1,6557 X1X3 + 5,7586 X2X3 - 10,5145 X1X2X3, where X1 is mesh sizes, X2 ratio oil: methanol and X3 type of catalyzt. Keywords: Rubberseed oil, Ultrasound, Esterification, Biodiesel, Yield

Item Type:Monograph (Technical Report)
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:28809
Deposited By:Library Anatomy
Deposited On:29 Jul 2011 12:08
Last Modified:29 Jul 2011 12:08

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