HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRAKTIK KEBERSIHAN DIRI DENGAN KEJADIAN SCABIES PADA ANAK SD DI SD BANDARHARJO I SEMARANG

Kristiwiani, Desy (2005) HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRAKTIK KEBERSIHAN DIRI DENGAN KEJADIAN SCABIES PADA ANAK SD DI SD BANDARHARJO I SEMARANG. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Penyakit kulit banyak dijumpai di Indonesia, hal ini disebabkan karena Indonesia beriklim tropis, iklim inilah yang mempermudah perkembangan bakteri, parasit maupun jamur. Penyakit yang sering muncul karena kurangnya kebersihan diri adalah berbagai penyakit kulit. Scabies disebabkanoleh tungau Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis. Penyakit ini berhubungan dengan sanitasi dan higiene yang buruk. Penyakit scabies masih dijumpai di SD Bandarharjo I. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara praktik kebersihan diri dengan kejadian scabies pada siswa siswi di SD Bandarharjo I Semarang. Penelitian menggunakan metode survey dengan pendekatan Cross Sectionl Data diambil melalui wawancara dan penelitian di laboratorium. Sampel diambil secara acak menggunakan metode stritified random sampling dimana dari 291 siswa diambil sebanyak 72 anak sebagai sampel. Data disajikan secara deskriptif analitik. Hasil penelitian menggunakan tes Fischer Exact pada taraf signifikansi 0,05 derajat kebebasan=1 menunjukkan p=0,001 dimana p < 0,05 yang artinya ada hubungan yang bermakna antara praktik kebersihan diri dengan kejadian scabies pada anak SD di SD Bandarharjo I Semarang. Disarankan untuk meningkatkan serta menjaga kebersihan diri agar terhindar dari penyakit kulit yang mudah menular seperti scabies. Kata Kunci: PENYAKIT KULIT, SCABIES, KEBERSIHAN DIRI THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERSONAL HYGIENE PRACTICES AND SCABIES ON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN AT SD BANDARHARJO I SEMARANG Skin disease are common in Indonesia, these are because Indonesia is a tropical country, this climate increase the possibility of bacteria, parachyte or fungus to breed. Diseases that oftenly appear by the lack of personal hygiene are many of skin diseases. Scabies caused by mite, Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis. This disease is related to bad quality of sanitation and hygiene. Scabies still can be seen at SD Bandarharjo I. The Purpose of this research is to find out the association between the personal hygiene practices and the prevalence of scabies on the student at SD Bandarharjo I Semarang. This research use the survey method with Cross Sectional approach. Datas are taken by direct laboratory investigation and questionaire. Samples are taken randomly using stritified random sampling method where from 291 students are taken 72 children as samples. Datas are performed descriftive analyticaly. Te result using Fischer Exact Test at the significant level of 0,05 with degrees of freedom = 1 shows that the p value is 0,001 where p < 0,05 which mean there is a meaningfull association between the personal hygiene practice and the prevalence of scabies on the students at SD Bandarharjo I Semarang. It is advised to increase and to maintain personal hygiene to avoid the infectious skin disease like scabies. Keyword : SKIN DISEASE, SCABIES, PERSONAL HYGIENE

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:28773
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:29 Jul 2011 10:15
Last Modified:29 Jul 2011 10:15

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