HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PRAKTIK IBU TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT DIARE PADA ANAK BERUSIA DI BAWAH UMUR LIMA TAHUN DI DESA MOJOGEDANG KECAMATAN MOJOGEDANG KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR TAHUN 2003

PUJIASTUTI, SRI PRATIWI (2003) HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PRAKTIK IBU TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT DIARE PADA ANAK BERUSIA DI BAWAH UMUR LIMA TAHUN DI DESA MOJOGEDANG KECAMATAN MOJOGEDANG KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR TAHUN 2003. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Public Health.

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Abstract

Diare merupakan penyakit menular yang masih menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat di Kabupaten Karanganyar, terutama bagi anak di bawah umur lima tahun, baik ditinjau dari segi kesakitan maupun kematian yang diakibatkannya. Angka kesakitan diare di Kabupaten Karanganyar 12,14%o dan di Kecamatan Mojogedang 21,8%o. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi tingginya angka kesakitan dan kematian akibat diare adalah perilaku. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan, sikap dan praktik ibu terhadap pencegahan penyakit diare pada anak berusia di bawah umur lima tahun di desa Mojogedang. Data penelitian ini dikumpulkan dengan metode explanatory survey yang menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional. Data yang dikumpulkan dianalisa dengan uji Spearmen Rank. Sampel penelitian adalah ibu yang mempunyai anak balita di desa Mojogedang sebanyak 67 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 88,1% responden berumur 20-35 tahun; 44,8% tamat SD dan 62,7% buruh tani. Berdasarkan pengetahuan, sikap dan praktik yang dimiliki responden 41,8% berpengetahuan kurang, 46,3% bersikap kurang dan 49,8% mempunyai praktik kurang. Hasil dari analisa statistik dapat disimpulkan, bahwa ada hubungan yang bermakna antara pengetahuan dengan sikap responden; pengetahuan dengan praktik responden dan sikap dengan praktik responden dalam pencegahan penyakit diare pada anak berusia di bawah umur lima tahun. Untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan, sikap dan praktik responden dalam pencegahan penyakit diare, dianjurkan responden di desa Mojogedang rajin mendatangi penyuluhan terutama penyuluhan mengenai diare dan apabila anaknya sakit diare segera dibawa ke sarana pelayanan kesehatan (Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat) terdekat. Kata Kunci: Pengetahuan, sikap, Praktik, Diare ASSOCIATION BETWEEN KNOWLADGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE ON THE MOTHER AND DIARRHOEA PREVENTION ON CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEAR OLD IN MOJOGEDANG VILLAGE, MOJOGEDANG SUB DISTRICT, KARANGANYAR DISTRICT, 2003 Diarrhoea is of a desease be coming a problem of socialy health in Karanganyar district, specially for children under five years old, eitherfrom illness point of viow or death wehicle is to be its effect. Diarrhoea insident rate is 12,4%o in Karanganyar district and 21,83%o in Mojogedang sub district. One of is to be behaviour of society member the main factors enfluencing the heigth case fatality rate and insident rate is behaviour. The purpose of this repeach is to know association betwen knowledge, attitude and respondents practice in prevent children diarrhoea under five years old in Mojogedang village. Data of this research is collected by explanatory survey with a cross sectional approach. The data were analyzed with spearman rank. The number of samples are 67 respondents who have children under five years old in Mojogedang village. The results of this research indicated that 88,1% were respondents whith 20 to 35 years old; 44,8% of respondents with elementary school certificate; 62,7% were farmer workers. Knowledge, attitude and respondents practices indicated that 41,8% with low knowledge; 46,3% with negative attittude in theirs effort to prevent diarrhoea and 49,8 % with low of practice in the is effort to prevent diarrhoea, there was a significance association between respondents knowledge and respondents attitude, and between respondents attitude and respondents practice, and between respondents knowledge and respondent practice in frekuenting diarrhoea of children with under five years old. To increase knowledge, attitude and practice the respondents are suggested to attend counselling meetings specially diarhoea, and any diarhoea their children come to diarrhoea suggested to go to public health centre. Keyword: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Diarrhoea

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:26227
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:14 Feb 2011 11:10
Last Modified:14 Feb 2011 11:10

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