COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION TO REDUCE ACCUMULATION OF PLASTIC BAGS (CASE STUDY IN AL-KHUMS CITY , LIBYA )

Alhderi, Naser Ali Ahmed (2010) COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION TO REDUCE ACCUMULATION OF PLASTIC BAGS (CASE STUDY IN AL-KHUMS CITY , LIBYA ). Masters thesis, Magister Ilmu Lingkungan.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Plastic bags are one of the most common items used by people around the world. Shoppers worldwide are using around 500 billion to 1 trillion plastic bags per year. Plastic bags however, are made from oil. The carbon footprint of plastic (LDPE or PET, polyethylene) is about 6 kg CO2 per kg of plastic. This study was done to determine plastic bags use in the Al-khums City, to know the accumulation of plastic bags waste, the awareness of the people about the accumulation of plastic bags waste in the environment, and how to minimize plastic bags use by the people who live in Al-khums City. The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) was used in this research to explain the relation between personal, behavior and environment factors of the community in Al-khums City in relation to the issue. In total, the 73,520 families who live there consumed 238,204,800 of plastic bags in one year. There were 18,132,470 plastic bags disposed by shop owners and 120,793,360 plastic bags disposed by the customers and public in one year and 760,800Kg emissions CO2 for two factories in one year. There was a strong awareness about the negative effects caused by plastic bags to the environment. Albeit shop owners, customers and public of the city were committed and willing to participate in minimizing the use of plastic bags, no concrete step has been taken because no alternative was available. This study wants to suggest that the government take a bigger role in regulating the production of plastic bags and provide people with alternatives such as biodegradable shopping bags.. Keywords: plastic bags, accumulation, community, Al-khums, Libya. ABSTRAK Kantung plastik adalah salah satu benda yang paling sering digunakan oleh orang-orang di seluruh dunia. Para pembeli di dunia menggunakan sekitar 500 milyar sampai satu trilyun kantung plastik setiap tahun. Sayangnya kantung plastik dibuat dari minyak dan memiliki carbon footprint sebesar 6 kg CO2 per kilogram plastik. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menentukan jumlah penggunaan kantong plastik di Kota Al-khums, untuk mengetahui akumulasi limbah kantong plastik, kesadaran masyarakat tentang akumulasi sampah kantong plastik di lingkungan, dan bagaimana untuk meminimalkan kantong plastik digunakan oleh orang yang tinggal di kota Al-khums. Teori Kognitif Sosial (SCT) digunakan dalam penelitian ini untuk menjelaskan hubungan antara pribadi, perilaku dan faktor lingkungan masyarakat di kota Al-khums dalam hubungannya dengan masalah ini. Secara keseluruhan, 73.520 keluarga yang tinggal di sana mengkonsumsi 238.204.800 kantong plastik setiap tahun. Kantung plastic yang dibuang oleh para pemilik took berjumlah 18,132,470, sedangkan jumlah yang dibuang pelanggan dan publik sebesar 120,793,360 buah. dan 760,800Kg pembuangan CO2 oleh dua pabrik dalam setahun. Ada kesadaran yang kuat tentang dampak negatif yang ditimbulkan oleh tas plastik terhadap lingkungan. Meskipun pemilik toko, pelanggan dan publik kota Al-khums berkomitmen dan bersedia untuk berpartisipasi dalam mengurangi penggunaan kantong plastic, belum ada partisipasi yang nyata dalam hal ini karena tidak tersedianya alternatif. Studi ini merekomendasikan agar pemerintah mengambil peran lebih besar dalam mengatur standar produksi kantong plastik dan menyediakan alternatif tas belanja yang lebih ramah lingkungan .. Kata kunci: kantung plastik, akumulasi, masyarakat, Al-khums, Libya.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Environmental Science
ID Code:24713
Deposited By:ms Hastomo Agus
Deposited On:15 Dec 2010 14:56
Last Modified:15 Dec 2010 14:56

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