KONSUMSI SOFT DRINK SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO TERJADINYA OBESITAS PADA REMAJA USIA 15-17 TAHUN ( studi kasus di SMU N 5 Semarang )

Arofah, Diya (2006) KONSUMSI SOFT DRINK SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO TERJADINYA OBESITAS PADA REMAJA USIA 15-17 TAHUN ( studi kasus di SMU N 5 Semarang ). Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Medicine.

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Abstract

Background : Obesity is defined as an excessive accumulation of body fat, this condition has multiple causes centering around an imbalance energy in (callories obtained from food) and energy out (callories expended in the basal metabolism rate and physical activity). Obesity in adolesence by all mean become a problem for social life and emotional that important in a phase of developing personality. Food habit in adolescent is significantly influenced by their life style, include abundant soft drink consumption life style. Objective : This research’s aim was to know whether consumption of soft drink is a risk factor for obesity in adolescent. Subject and Method : This was a case control research. Sampels consist of 69 high school students with obesity as case and others 69 students with no obesity as control. Obesity is determined by BMI score  25. Controls were friends of cases whom age-and sex-matched with cases. Food frequency questionnaires were used to collect information on students consumption during the last 1 month, and other informations were collected by questionnaires. The data were analyzed with chi square test, and calculated OR ( Odds Ratio ) to know the correlation and the amount of risk factor. Result : This research showed that the average BMI for cases is 26,1  1,00 and for controls is 19,4  2,11. The average of total callory intake for cases is 2494,6  270,55 (mean  SD) and for controls is 2205,4  299,06. There were 22 students of case consumed < 2 bottles of soft drink/week and 47 students of case consumed  2 bottles/week. For controls, 55 students consumed < 2 bottles of soft drink/week and 14 students consumed  2 bottles/week. Thirty eight students of case were inadequate in physical activities and 31 were adequate. Eighteen students of control were inadequate in physical activities and 51 other students were adequate. Conclusion : Consumption of soft drink in certain small amount is not a risk factor for obesity in adolesence. Key words : obesity, consumption, soft drink, student high school.

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:21853
Deposited By:Ms Lutfiatun Heni
Deposited On:06 Sep 2010 09:29
Last Modified:06 Sep 2010 09:29

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