Characterization of Green Algae Dunaliella sp and Cyanobacterial Isolate and Detection of the DXS Gene Encoding the Key Enzyme in Carotenoid Biosynthesis

Kusumaningrum, Hermin Pancasakti (2008) Characterization of Green Algae Dunaliella sp and Cyanobacterial Isolate and Detection of the DXS Gene Encoding the Key Enzyme in Carotenoid Biosynthesis. PhD thesis, Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

Carotenoid is known to be synthesised through the well known mevalonate (MVA) pathway. Recently, a non-mevalonate pathway (non-MVA) was discovered in a green algae. The limiting step for carotenoid biosynthesis in the non-MVA/DOXP/MEP pathway was catalysed by 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate Synthase enzyme, encoded by the DXS gene. The aims of this study were to characterize two local isolates of a green algal species from Jepara, Dunaliella sp. and a Cyanobacterial isolates and to elucidate the possible carotenoid synthesis pathway employed in the two isolates. Morphological, ecophysiological and molecular characterization have been conducted on two local isolates. Elucidation of the pathway was carried out by analysing the presence of the DXS gene on the two isolates as it has been widely understood that the DXS gene is the key and limiting enzyme in the non-MVA pathway. Detection of the DXS gene was conducted by PCR amplification of the gene of interest using Escherichia coli, plants and Synechocystis gene amplification primers. The mevalonate inhibitor lovastatin and hibridization methods was carried out to reaffirming PCR result. Morphological, ecophysological, and molecular characterization demonstrated that Cyanobacterial isolate was a prokaryotic algae, while Dunaliella sp. was a eukaryotic algae. Cyanobacterial isolate demonstrates striking homology with Cyanobacterium MBIC 1210 and Synechocystis. Dunaliella sp., on the other hand, was a species of Dunaliella salina showing 99% homologies. Detection of the DXS gene in the two isolates showed about 9 – 50% homology with the known the DXS gene. Low homology with the current DNA amplification approach supported with biochemical experiment using lovastatin and hybridization result suggesting that the DXS gene was absent in the two isolates.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:characterization, carotenoid, non-MVA, DXS , Cyanobacteria, Dunaliella sp.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions:Faculty of Science and Mathematics > Department of Biology
ID Code:2162
Deposited By:Mr. Biologi Admin
Deposited On:03 Dec 2009 15:00
Last Modified:03 Dec 2009 15:00

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