RETNONINGRUM, DWI (2006) GINGIVITIS PADA IBU HAMIL SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO TERJADINYA BAYI BERAT BADAN LAHIR RENDAH KURANG BULAN DI RS. DR. KARIADI SEMARANG. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Medicine.
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Background: Preterm Low Birth Weight (PLBW) is a public health problem both in developed and developing countries. PLBW can caused by infection, premature rupture membrane, toxic agent (tobacco, alcohol, drugs use), maternal stress, socio-economic status, inadequate prenatal care and some unknown. Gingivitis is infection from oral that considered influenced of fetal growth both via systemic infections (hematogenous) and elevated of inflammatory mediators that caused of preterm low birth weight. Objective: Understanding of gingivitis among pregnant women as a risk factor of preterm low birth weight. Method: This study was an analytic observational study with a cross sectional design. Sample involve delivered women at dr. Kariadi Hospital, Tugurejo Hospital and Semarang City District Hospital, subject ages were between 20 and 30 years, observed three months after delivery. Exclusion criteria were diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart disease, tobacco use and alcohol us. Data were collected by interview and examine of the gingival index. The data analysis was conducted by SPSS for windows program with Chi square test, and done calculation POR (Prevalence Odds Ratio ) to know relation and how much risk factor. Results: Fifty seven delivered women with 21 PLBW and 36 normal babies. This study showed that gingivitis among pregnant women as a risk factor of preterm low birth weight with Prevalence Odds Ratio (POR) 8,75 (95% CI: 2,56 – 29,94). Conclusion: In this study, gingivitis among pregnant women as a risk factor of preterm low birth weight. Keyword: preterm low birth weight, gingivitis.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Undergraduate)|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RK Dentistry|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine|
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
|Deposited By:||Ms Lutfiatun Heni|
|Deposited On:||18 Aug 2010 09:27|
|Last Modified:||18 Aug 2010 09:27|
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