Symbiodinium and giant clams (genus: Tridacna): Patterns of distribution across three host species in the biodiverse Bird’s Head region of Indonesia

DeBoer , Timery S. and Andrew , C. Baker and Erdmann, Mark V. and Ambariyanto, A and Toha, Abdul Hamid and Barber, Paul H (2009) Symbiodinium and giant clams (genus: Tridacna): Patterns of distribution across three host species in the biodiverse Bird’s Head region of Indonesia. In: World Ocean Conference, 11 – 15 May 2009, Manado Indonesia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Reef corals, other marine invertebrates, and protists are hosts to a group of exceptionally diverse dinoflagellate symbionts in the genus Symbiodinium. Numerous studies have documented ecologically-important differences among Symbiodinium types in depth zonation, photoadaptation to different irradiance levels, heat tolerance, and susceptibility to bleaching. Many host species are able to maintain associations with multiple symbiont types simultaneously, which may permit rapid adaptation to local environmental change. This study focused on Symbiodinium diversity in giant clams (genus Tridacna) from the biodiverse Bird’s Head region in eastern Indonesia. We identified 12 unique Symbiodinium types in 250 host individuals from three Tridacnid species, based on denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and sequencing of internal transcribed spacer-2 (ITS-2) rDNA. All types were from Clades A, C, and D and were detected in each of the three host species. Individuals with multiple symbionts from different clades were common (42% of all individuals). Symbiont type and host species were significantly associated. T. crocea had more individuals with only Clade C symbionts and fewer individuals with mixed clade symbionts than expected. T. maxima had fewer individuals with only Clade A symbionts than expected, but more Clade C only and mixed clade symbionts. T. squamosa had more individuals with mixed clades than expected. A total of 45 data loggers recorded water temperature at 3 meters within the study area. Giant clams sampled from the warmer waters of the Bay of Cenderawasih had a greater proportion of Clade C symbionts and fewer Clade A symbionts than expected. This is consistent with previous research on Tridacnid symbionts that showed Clade C types to be more heat tolerant than Clade A. Our results are consistent with those reported for coral hosts and point to the possibility that giant clams may associate with different symbiont types based on local environmental conditions. Further research is necessary to understand the implications of climate change on internationally-protected giant clams and their symbionts. Presented in World Ocean Conference, 11-

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences > Department of Marine Science
ID Code:20403
Deposited By:Dr. Ambariyanto A.
Deposited On:14 Aug 2010 05:56
Last Modified:14 Aug 2010 05:56

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