Effect of Variation of Protein and Neutral Detergent Fiber Sources in Complete Calf Starter on The Development Indicator of Reticulo Rumen

Mukodiningsih, Sri and Budhi, SPS and Agus, A and Haryadi, Haryadi (2008) Effect of Variation of Protein and Neutral Detergent Fiber Sources in Complete Calf Starter on The Development Indicator of Reticulo Rumen. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 33 (2). pp. 132-138. ISSN 0410-6320

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Abstract

Mixed calf starter feed and crude fiber source comprising neutral detergent fiber (NDF) as complete calf starter feed (CCS) can enhance the development of reticulo rumen, that can be knwon from indicators i.e. total microbia, volatile fatty acid (VFA) and NH3 rumen. The aimed of this research was to find CCS formulation which gave the most effective enhancement to reticulo rumen development indicators. The materials used were ground corn, rice bran, soybean meal, fish meal, vitamin, mineral, rice and corn straws and 7-14 days old FH calves with 45 ± 5.5 kg body weight. Completely Randomized Design with 2 x 2 factorial pattern was used in this research. The first factor was protein sources, i.e. soybean meal and fish Effect of Variation of Protein (Sri Mukodiningsih et al.) 133 meal, and the second factors was neutral detergent fiber sources (NDF), i.e. rice and corn straws. This research took about 9 weeks. The results indicated that there was a significant effect of the combination of protein source and NDF source on total bacteria and NH3, but there was no significant effect of those on feed intake, dry matter digestibility, avarage daily gain and VFA content. Total rumen bacteria population of the calves fed bya combination of soybean meal and corn straw was the highest (1.08x1011 CFU/ml) compared to those fed with other combinations (P<0.05), i.e. fish meal and rice straw 1.1x1010, fish meal and corn straw 4.1x109 and soybean meal and rice straw 8.8x109 CFU/ml. The highest NH3 concentration was obtained from feeding by a combination of fish meal and rice straw (3.38 mmol/ml), but there was no different from a combination of soybean meal and corn straw (3.11 mmol/ml). A combination of soybean meal and corn straw in CCS gave the best rumen development indicator. Keywords : Neutral Detergent Fiber, Complete Calf Starter, Rumen Development Indicator

Item Type:Article
Subjects:S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions:Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences > Department of Animal Agriculture
ID Code:19162
Deposited By:Mr. Nutrisi FP Admin
Deposited On:06 Aug 2010 09:21
Last Modified:06 Aug 2010 09:21

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