Hubungan Kebersihan Mulut dan Gingivitis Ibu Hamil Terhadap Kejadian Bayi Berat Badan Lahir Rendah Kurang Bulan di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang dan Jejaringnya (The association between maternal oral hygiene and gingivitis to preterm low birth weight in Dr. Kariadi Hospital Semarang)

Santoso , Oedijani and SR , Wildam Aditya and Retnoningrum , Dwi (2009) Hubungan Kebersihan Mulut dan Gingivitis Ibu Hamil Terhadap Kejadian Bayi Berat Badan Lahir Rendah Kurang Bulan di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang dan Jejaringnya (The association between maternal oral hygiene and gingivitis to preterm low birth weight in Dr. Kariadi Hospital Semarang). Media Medika Indonesiana, 43 (6). pp. 288-293. ISSN 0126-1762

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Official URL: http://www.mediamedika.net

Abstract

Background: Poor oral hygiene can cause infection in teeth or periodontium tissue such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Infection may spread systemically and increase proinflammatory mediators that lead to PLBW. The aim of this study is to know that oral hygiene and gingivitis among pregnant women associated with PLBW. Methods: This study was an analytic observational study with a cross sectional design. Fifty seven delivered women (20-35 years old) with 21 PLBW babies and 36 normal babies involved in the study at Dr. Kariadi Hospital, Tugurejo Province and Semarang District Hospital, observed three months after delivery. Exclusion criteria were diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart disease, tobacco and alcohol use. Data were collected by interview and examine the oral hygiene index, and gingivitis index. The data analysis was conducted SPSS 13.0 for Windows program with Chi square test, and done calculation POR (Prevalence Odds Ratio). Results: Maternal oral hygiene associated but doesn’t influence PLBW with p=0.093 (POR=2.55, 95%CI=0.84-7.72). Gingivitis among pregnant women associated and as a risk factor of PLBW with p=0.00 (POR=8.75, 95%CI: 2.56-29.94). Conclusions: Gingivitis among pregnant women associated and as a risk factor of PLBW, however, poor oral hygiene is not influence to PLBW. Nutrition status among pregnant women associated and as a risk factor of PLBW

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Preterm low birth weight, oral hygiene, gingivitis
Subjects:R Medicine > RK Dentistry
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:UNDIP Journal > Media Medika Indonesia
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:19095
Deposited By:Mr. Kedokteran Admin
Deposited On:06 Aug 2010 07:48
Last Modified:06 Aug 2010 07:48

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