HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRAKTEK PERSONAL HYGIENE IBU BALITA DAN SARANA SANITASI LINGKUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE PADA ANAK BALITA DI KECAMATAN MAOS KABUPATEN CILACAP (RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONAL HYGIENE PRACTISE MOTHER WITH CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEAR OLD SANITATIONS AND DIARRHOEA INCIDENCE IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEAR OLD THE DISTRICT OF MAOS,CILACAP)

MUHAJIRIN, MUHAJIRIN (2007) HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRAKTEK PERSONAL HYGIENE IBU BALITA DAN SARANA SANITASI LINGKUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE PADA ANAK BALITA DI KECAMATAN MAOS KABUPATEN CILACAP (RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONAL HYGIENE PRACTISE MOTHER WITH CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEAR OLD SANITATIONS AND DIARRHOEA INCIDENCE IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEAR OLD THE DISTRICT OF MAOS,CILACAP). Masters thesis, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

Research of diarrhoea INCIDENCE in Indonesia show that there are many factors have influenced directly such as factor of nutrient, food and environment, and also indirect influence such as factor of social and economic. The worse of the environment has relationship with diarrhoea, with an interaction between mediator, consume of jamu, and other factor in the environment as the cause of diarrhoea. The purpose of this research is to analyze the relationship between practice of hygiene personal, sanitation and diarrhoea in incidencein children under five years old in the district of Maos. Design of this research use Cilacap case control study with survey analytic method. Data is taken by purposive sampling. The population was family who had child that got diarrhoea and to had to take medicine. There were 60 babies got diarrhoea as case and 60 babies in a good condition as control. Data was processed in many forms, such as distribution frequency, cross tabulation, and to determine the relationship in every variable, there was done analysis of chi square and regression logistic. The result showed that there were relationship between practice of hygiene personal, sanitation and diarrhoea in children under five years old in the district of Maos, Cilacap is practice of hygiene personal OR=2,983 CI 95% 1,420<OR<6,269, quality of WC OR=3,059 CI 95% 1,357<OR<6,896. Although it has value p< 0,05 but because value OR < 1 that relationship is protective, it’s mean that variable quality of clean water OR=0,434 CI 95% 0,206<OR<0,911, quality of rubbish OR= 0,269 CI 95% 0,127 <OR<0,573 and kind of garbage can OR= 0,312 CI 95% 0,144<OR<0,676. Conclusion of this research is variable that has relationship with diarrhoea for babies in the district of Maos is variable of hygiene personal p = 0,001, variable of WC p=0,001, variable quality of rubbish p = 0,001 and variable kind of garbage can p = 0,004. Penelitian mengenai penyakit diare di Indonesia menunjukkan bahwa banyak faktor yang dapat berpengaruh secara langsung seperti faktor gizi, makanan dan lingkungan maupun pengaruh tidak langsung seperti faktor sosial ekonomi. Kesehatan lingkungan yang buruk akan berpengaruh terhadap terjadinya diare, sehingga interaksi antara agen penyakit, pejamu dan faktor lingkungan dapat meningkatkan kejadian diare. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan antara praktek personal hygiene dan sarana sanitasi dengan kejadian diare pada anak balita di Kecamatan Maos. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan case control (Kasus-Kontrol) dengan metode survey, data diambil dengan menggunakan cara purposive sampling. Populasi adalah rumah tanga yang memiliki balita yang menderita diare yang berobat ke Puskesmas Maos, sedangkan sampelnya 60 balita yang menderita diare sebagai kasus dan 60 balita yang tidak menderita diare sebagai kontrolnya . Data diolah dalam bentuk distribusi frekuensi, tabulasi silang dan untuk dapat mengetahui hubungan antara variable dilakukan analisis chi square dan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa ada hubungan antara praktek personal hygiene ibu balita dan sarana sanitasi lingkungan dengan kejadian diare pada anak balita di kecamatan Maos Kab Cilacap secara berurutan adalah praktek personal hygiene OR=2,983 CI 95% 1,420<OR<6,269, kualitas jamban OR=3,059 CI 95% 1,357<OR<6,896. Sedangkan walaupun memiliki nilai p< 0,05 tetapi karena nilai OR < 1 maka hubungan variable tersebut dengan kejadian diare pada anak balita adalah protektif yaitu variable kualitas air bersih OR=0,434 CI 95% 0,206<OR<0,911, kualitas pembuangan air limbah OR= 0,269 CI 95% 0,127 <OR<0,573 dan jenis tempat sampah OR= 0,312 CI 95% 0,144<OR<0,676. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah variabel yang berhubungan dengan kejadian diare pada anak balita di kecamatan Maos adalah variable personal hygiene p=0,001, variable jamban dengan p = 0,001, variable kualitas air limbah dengan p=0,001 dan variable jenis tempat sampah dengan p = 0,004.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Environmental Health
ID Code:18243
Deposited By:Mr UPT Perpus 2
Deposited On:30 Jul 2010 10:01
Last Modified:30 Jul 2010 10:01

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