DAMPAK PERKEMBANGAN KAWASAN WISATA PANTAI KARTINI TERHADAP MASYARAKAT SETEMPAT DI KABUPATEN JEPARA

FAIZUN, MOH (2009) DAMPAK PERKEMBANGAN KAWASAN WISATA PANTAI KARTINI TERHADAP MASYARAKAT SETEMPAT DI KABUPATEN JEPARA. Masters thesis, program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

The Pantai Kartini tourism area is the most development of tourism areas in Jepara Regency, located in Sub-District Bulu, District Jepara. Beside for tourism area, inside Pantai Kartini tourism area there is the coastal communities. The economics, social, physical of settlement area, and functions of coastal settlement are change. The objective of this research is intended to explained the impact of the development Pantai Kartini tourism area to local communities in Jepara Regency. Polling is used as the main instrument to prove the hipothesis statistically chi-square of significant 95% (α=0,05) with descriptive analyses. The purposive sampling is used to get the sample from the local communities who living in Pantai Kartini tourism area is 314 of population. Household become the unit analysis of this research, while, the research respondent is the household head taken is 62 persons. Result of research indicates that after development of the Pantai Kartini tourism area emerges has proven impact either positive and also negativity. Development of Pantai Kartini tourism area has given the positive impact to economic of local communities explained by the lessen of fisherman or fishery on remains 21,0%, caused emerges 32,3% new job opportunity of tourism sector like: industry and seller souvenir from sea waste, tourism boat drawer and homestay. Local community incomes was to higher degree 53,2% comes from tourism incomes. Increase of the land prices, because ownership of land of settlement is proprietory (96,8%) and the land prices is height (24,2%). Thus, it also has given the negativity impact to socials change be explained that the coastal communities of lifes before all dependent on fishery change its lifes to highest dependent on tourism activity 69,1%. The social gaps happened between fishery and tourism sector, fishery sector 9,7% only, while tourism sector was 17,7% enough fulfill basics needs of life. But its not given the negativity impact to migration, the migrant 25,8% and working on tourism sector until 9,7% only. Also has given the positive impact to the physical change of settlement area be explained from good settlement streets on pavingblock the wide 1 metre; all household has used water from PDAM; not happened pond; and household has owned outdoors ash can and existence of TPS. Based on contingency coefficient indicated that the highest land prices (0,484), the physical of settlement area (0,476), highest degree of tourism incomes (0,369), and job category of tourism sector (0,308), is the factors which influenced the additional function of the coastal communities houses for economic activities. Kawasan wisata Pantai Kartini merupakan kawasan wisata yang perkembangannya cukup pesat di Kabupaten Jepara, terletak di Kelurahan Bulu Kecamatan Jepara Kabupaten Jepara. Disamping sebagai kawasan wisata, di Pantai Kartini terdapat masyarakat pesisir yang berubah kondisi ekonomi, sosial, lingkungan fisik dan fungsi permukimannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan dampak dari perkembangan kawasan wisata Pantai Kartini terhadap masyarakat setempat di Kabupaten Jepara. Instrumen utama adalah angket menggunakan kuesioner untuk pengujian hipotesis statistik Chi- Kuadrat dan menjelaskan variabel penelitian dengan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif. Pengambilan sampel berdasarkan purposive sample dari populasi masyarakat yang tinggal di kawasan wisata Pantai Kartini 314 orang adalah rumah tangga dengan responden kepala rumah tangga 62 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa setelah perkembangan kawasan wisata Pantai Kartini terbukti timbul dampak baik positif maupun negatif. Perkembangan kawasan pariwisata Pantai Kartini berdampak positif terhadap perubahan kondisi ekonomi masyarakat setempat, dijelaskan oleh munculnya 32,3% kesempatan kerja baru sektor pariwisata seperti: industri dan penjual souvenir dari limbah laut, penarik perahu wisata, dan usaha penginapan. Tingkat pendapatan masyarakat tinggi 53,2% berasal dari pendapatan pariwisata. Peningkatan harga lahan, karena kepemilikan lahan merupakan hak milik (96,8%) dan harga lahan tinggi (24,2%). Demikian pula berdampak negatif terhadap perubahan kondisi sosial masyarakat dijelaskan oleh karena masyarakat pesisir yang awalnya tergantung perikanan laut, berubah ketergantungan tinggi 69,1% pada pariwisata. Terjadinya kesenjangan sosial antara sektor perikanan dan pariwisata, perikanan hanya 9,7% cukup, sedangkan pariwisata 17,7% cukup memenuhi kebutuhan sehari-hari. Namun tidak berdampak negatif terhadap migrasi, karena dari pendatang 25,8% hanya 9,7% yang bekerja sektor pariwisata. Adapun dampak terhadap perubahan lingkungan fisik juga positif dijelaskan dari jalan lingkungan baik (100%) pavingblock lebar 1 m; seluruhnya (100%) menggunakan air bersih dari PDAM; tidak terjadi genangan (96,8%); dan memiliki tempat sampah diluar rumah (96,8%) dan lokasi TPS (95,2%). Perubahan fungsi permukiman dipengaruhi oleh faktor-faktor tingginya harga lahan (0,484), penataan lingkungan permukiman (0,476), tingginya tingkat pendapatan pariwisata (0,369), dan pekerjaan sektor pariwisata (0,308).

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Urban and Regional Planning
ID Code:18208
Deposited By:Mr UPT Perpus 2
Deposited On:30 Jul 2010 09:03
Last Modified:21 Jun 2011 16:56

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