FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRAKTEK PEMYULUHAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NAPZA OLEH GURU BIMBINGAN KONSELING SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS DI PALANGKA RAYA (TINJAUAN PENDEKATAN TEORI PERUBAHAN PERILAKU LAWRENCE GREEN)

NINGSIH, TRIKARUNIA (2007) FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRAKTEK PEMYULUHAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NAPZA OLEH GURU BIMBINGAN KONSELING SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS DI PALANGKA RAYA (TINJAUAN PENDEKATAN TEORI PERUBAHAN PERILAKU LAWRENCE GREEN). Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Di Indonesia diperkirakan sekitar 4-5 juta orang menderita ketergantunan Napza dan segmen terbesar sekitar 55%sebagai penyalahguna adalah para remaja yang masih berstatus siswa SMA. Guru BK mempempunyai penanan dalam pencegahan penyalahugunaan Napza melalui penyuluhan Napza di sekolah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi praktek penyuluhan Napza oleh guru BK dalam prektek penyuluhan penyalahgunaan Napza berdasarkan pendekatan teori Green meliputi karakteristik, pengetahuan, sikap terhadap Napza, fasilitas penyuluhan, komitmen di institusi sekolah serta dukungan dari kepala sekolah dan rekan guru. Jenis penelitian ini adalah formative research dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Subyek penelitian adalah guru bimbingan konseling SMA di PAlangka Raya. Pengumpulan data melalui diskusi kelompok terarah, wawancara mendalam, observasi dan studi dokumen. Analisa data dilakukan dengan content analysis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor predisposing meliputi karakteristik mengambarkan tingkat pendidikan semua subyek S1 jurusan bimbingan konseling, lama bekerja > 2 tahun, semua subyek pernah mengikuti penyuluhan Napza. Pengetahuan sebagian subyek cukup baik. Subyek dapat menyebutkan penegrtian, jenis dan cara pemakaian Napza, tanda dan geljala penyalahgunaan Napza serta upaya pencegahannya. Sikap semua subyek baik bahwa Napza membawa dampak negatif. Faktor enabling meliputi fasilitas untuk penyuluhan Napza yang masih kurang dalam jenis dan jumlah, adanya anggaran khusus untuk bimbingan konseling serta adanya komitmen di sekolah. Faktor reinforcing meliputi adanya dukungan dari kepala sekolah dan rekan guru. Semua subyek telah melakukan praktek penyuluhan Napza di sekolah. Sebagai tindak lanjut dari penelitian ini disarankan untuk melakukan kerjasama antara beberapa sekolah dalam mengadakan penyuluhan Napza, bagi instansi terkait agar dalam perencanaan diklat memasukkan materi Napza dan tehnologi pembuatan media penyuluhan Nanpa dalam kurikulum diklat Kata Kunci: Faktor-faktor, penyuluhan Napza, Guru BK SMA FACTORS INFLUENCING TO INFORMING PRACTICE OF NAPZA BY COUNSELING GUIDE TEACHER OF SENIOUR HIGH SCHOOL IN PALANGKA RAYA (REVVIEW OF THEORY APPROACH OF BEHAVIOUR CHANGE BY LAWRENCE GREEN) These is more or less 4-5 million people in Indonesia to suffer suspended of Napza and 55% of them is student of seniour high school. The preventive effort of Napza abuse put by teacher of counseling guide that was through informing about Napza to student. Many factors influencing practice counseling of Napza by teachet of BK. This research aimed to analysing many factors influencing practise of counseling guide (BK) teacher descriptively informing of Napza acording to approach of Lawrence Green theory including predisposing factor such as characteristic, knowledge and attitude to Napza;enabling factor such as informing facilities, budget, comitment of Institution; and reinforcing factor such as support of headmaster and teacher. Type of this research is formative research with qualitative approach. Research subject was counseling guide teacher of seniour high school in Palangka Raya. Data had collecting by focus group disscussion, indept interview and observation. Data analysis made with content analysis. Result of research shows predisposing factor including characteristic that is education level of subject is bachelor degree majoring of counseling, working span > 2 years, most of them have participated of education training and informing practice of Napza. The knowledge of subject about Napza is suficienly good. The subject can to make mention definition of Napza, kind and how to use of Napza, sign of Napza abuse and the preventive effort. The subject have a good attitude that Napza negativity affected. Enabling factors that excistensy of fasilities in the form of counseling room and equiepment is supported,the evistance of special budget for the counseling and quidance program, the exisstence of comitment of shchool. Reinforcing factors that is all subject get support from the headmaster and teachers. The informing practice of Napza with lecture and disscusiion methode, installation of poster, turning of film ang individual counseling.As follow-up of this research it is expected thatcounselingguide teacher doing counseling way togethers between many schools, to linked instantion in planing education and training to [ut Napza substantion and tecnologi to make equipment of counseling Napza. For another observer being suggested to observer the similiar topic with the different approach. Keyword: Factors, counseling of Napza, teacher of BK

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:18149
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:29 Jul 2010 11:38
Last Modified:29 Jul 2010 11:38

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