HUBUNGAN SUHU,KELEMBABAN, PENCAHAYAAN DAN JUMLAH PASIEN DENGAN ANGKA KUMAN DI UNIT RAWAT INAP RSUD BANYUMAS

ADI, AGUNG ARI (2004) HUBUNGAN SUHU,KELEMBABAN, PENCAHAYAAN DAN JUMLAH PASIEN DENGAN ANGKA KUMAN DI UNIT RAWAT INAP RSUD BANYUMAS. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Salah satu upaya sanitasi Rumah Sakit adalah pencegahan infeksi nosokomial. Infeksi ini disebabkan oleh mikroorganisme pembawa penyakit (kuman). Telah dikaji hubungan suhu, kelembaban, pencahayaan dan jumlah pasien dengan angka di unit rawat inap RSUD Banyumas. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 30 ruang yang dipilih secara acak, dan menggunkan cawan petri untuk mengambil kuman dari udara sekaligus diukur suhu, kelembaban, pencahayaan dan jumlah pasien. Kemudian angka kuman dihitung dengan metode Total Plate Count (TPC).Hasil penelitian menunjukkan angka kuman yang besar terdapat pada ruang yang dihuni banyak pasien. Hubungan suhu, kelembaban, pencahayaan dan jumlah pasien dengan angka kuman bersifat nyata,dimana nilai koefisien korelasi masing-masing adalah -0,245;0,412;0,189;dan 0,563. Faktor yang paling mempengaruhi angka kuman adalah jumlah pasien dengan nilai signifikansi 0,001 atau p<0,05. Kata Kunci: Infeksi nosokomila, angka kuman THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEMPERATURE,HUMIDITY,LIGHTING,AND THE NUMBER OF PATIENT WITH THE NUMBER OF ORGANISM IN BANYUMAS GENERAL HOSPITAL. One of the principles of hospital sanitation is preventing nosokomial infection. This infection caused by patogenic mocroorganisms. The correlation between temperature,humidity,lghting,the number of patients with the number of patogenic microorganisms was studied against the care unit of RSUD Banyumas. The research was conducted to 30 rooms which taken randomly, and used petri dish to take the patogenic mocroorganisms from the air of the room, and measure the temperature,humidity,lighting,the number of patience. And then the number of patogenic microorganisms counted by Total Plate Count (TPC) method. The result showed that the high number of patogenic microorganisms is occurred at the rooms which have many patients. The correlation between temperature, humidity,lighting, the number of patients with the number of patogenic microorganisms is real, with the coefficients of each variable is -0.245;0,412;0,189; dan 0.563. The most dominant factor which increase the number of patogenic microorganisms is the number of patients with significancy 0.001 or p,0,05. Keyword : Nosocomial infection, the number of pathogenic microorganisms

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:18140
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:29 Jul 2010 11:16
Last Modified:29 Jul 2010 11:16

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