Gas-liquid-liquid reaction engineering: hydroformylation of 1-octene using a water soluble rhodium complex catalyst

Purwanto, P. and Delmas, H. (1995) Gas-liquid-liquid reaction engineering: hydroformylation of 1-octene using a water soluble rhodium complex catalyst. Catalysis Today, 24 . pp. 135-140. ISSN 0920-5861

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0920-5861(95)00013-6

Abstract

Hydroformylation of 1-octene was studied in a two-phase system using [ RhC1 ( 1,5-COD) ] 2 complex catalyst and the trisodium salt of tri(m-sulfophenyl) phosphine (TPPTS) as a water soluble ligand. The reaction was carded out in a batch reactor at pressures between 1.5 to 2.5 × 103 kPa and temperatures of 333 and 343 K. Ethanol was added as a cosolvent to enhance the octene solubility in the aqueous phase and a buffer solution of sodium carbonate and bicarbonate was used to eliminate the formation of acetals. The hydroformylation products were n-nonanal and 2-methyl nonanal with a selectivity to linear aldehyde of about 80%. The reaction is first order with respect to octene and catalyst concentrations. The dependence on the carbon monoxide pressure was found to be complex with an enhancement at low partial pressures and an inhibition rate at high pressures. The reaction rate increased with the hydrogen partial pressure, A thermodynamic analysis concerning the solubilities of octene and gases in the reaction medium was studied and a semiempirical kinetic model was used to describe the rate of reaction.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
ID Code:179
Deposited By:Dr. Istadi I.
Deposited On:14 May 2009 09:15
Last Modified:14 May 2009 09:15

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