HUBUNGAN EPISODE INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT (ISPA) DENGAN PERTUMBUHAN BAYI UMUR 3 SAMPAI 6 BULAN DI KECAMATAN SURUH KABUPATEN SEMARANG CORRELATION BETWEEN ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION EPISODES AND GROWTH DURING 3 – 6 MONTHS INFANTS A STUDY IN SURUH SUBDISTRICT SEMARANG DISTRICT

Wati, Erna Kusuma (2005) HUBUNGAN EPISODE INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT (ISPA) DENGAN PERTUMBUHAN BAYI UMUR 3 SAMPAI 6 BULAN DI KECAMATAN SURUH KABUPATEN SEMARANG CORRELATION BETWEEN ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION EPISODES AND GROWTH DURING 3 – 6 MONTHS INFANTS A STUDY IN SURUH SUBDISTRICT SEMARANG DISTRICT. Masters thesis, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Penyakit infeksi yang berkaitan dengan terjadinya gangguan pertumbuhan, tingginya angka kesakitan dan kematian bayi adalah Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji hubungan episode ISPA dengan pertumbuhan bayi umur 3 sampai 6 bulan di Kecamatan Suruh Kabupaten Semarang. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan studi longitudinal tanpa perlakuan apapun selama penelitian pada 120 bayi. Metode pengambilan sampel secara purposive quota. Pengumpulan data dengan observasi dan wawancara langsung dengan ibu bayi, menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Pengamatan dan pencatatan meliputi tingkat kecukupan energi dan protein, pola asuhan bayi, jenis kelamin, sanitasi lingkungan, pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan, pendidikan ibu, kemakmuran keluarga dan episode ISPA serta pertumbuhan bayi umur 3 sampai 6 bulan yang disajikan dalam laju pertumbuhan. Analisis data meliputi deskriptip (rata-rata, standar deviasi, median, persentase) dan analisis inferensial. Untuk menganalisis hubungan pertumbuhan, episode ISPA dengan menyertakan variabel perancu digunakan analisis regresi berganda dengan variabel dummy. Hasil: Rerata pendidikan ibu yaitu 8 tahun (± 3,3), rerata kemakmuran keluarga yang diukur berdasarkan pengeluaran keluarga per kapita per bulan yaitu Rp. 6.600,00 (± 3600,00). Sebagian besar (54,2 %) sanitasi lingkungan keluarga termasuk kurang. Distribusi jenis kelamin bayi antara laki-laki dan perempuan seimbang. Sebanyak 34.2 % bayi telah memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan Rerata pola asuhan bayi diukur berdasarkan alokasi waktu ibu bersama bayi yaitu 16 jam/hari (± 2,2). Rerata tingkat kecukupan energi selama tiga bulan penelitian termasuk kurang (82 % ± 21) dan tingkat kecukupan protein termasuk lebih (110 % ± 33). Selama tiga bulan penelitian bayi yang sering menderita ISPA sebanyak 46 %. Laju pertumbuhan bayi selama tiga bulan sebesar – 0,034 SD. Dari beberapa variabel yang diteliti, yang mempunyai hubungan paling signifikan terhadap pertumbuhan bayi umur 3 sampai 6 bulan adalah episode ISPA (r = 0,330, p =0,005). Simpula: Episode ISPA berhubungan dengan pertumbuhan bayi umur 3 sampai 6 bulan. Dalam Upaya pencegahan penyakit ISPA dan tejadinya gangguan pertumbuhan bayi, perlu dilakukan pemantauan pertumbuhan bayi secara rutin dan pengobatan penyakit ISPA. Background : Acute Respiratory Infection that related with growth faltering and infant mortality rate. The objective of this study was to analized the relationship between acute respiratory infection episodes with the growth rate during 3 - 6 months in Suruh Subdistrict Semarang District Method : This study was longitudinal studies of 120 Infants. The sampling of the methods by purposive quota. This data was collected through an interview with the infant’s mother, it’s using a structured questionnaire that also collected through an interview and observation. The following information were obtained about the infant: nutrient intake (energy and protein), parenting practice, gender infant, environmental sanitation, immunization, education mother's, household socioeconomic, acute respiratory infection episodes, growth rate during 3 – 6 months. In the statistic analysis are descriptives (mean, standard deviation, median, percentage) and inferential analysis. Analyzes the growth correlation the acute respiratory infection episodes with the figure confounding variable used double regretion analysis of dummy variable Result: Mean the mother education for 8 years (± 3,3), household socioeconomic based expenditure of electrics Rp. 6.600,00 for the capital everymonths. The most of (54,2 %) unfavourable still household sanitary. The infant distribution between male and female is balancing. For about 34,2 % of infants until 6 month have been given to immunized. Mean parenting practice based allocation of mother’s time with the infant is 16 hours for a day. During three month the infant analysis is often suffered of ISPA for about 46 %. Infant growth rate during three months equal to - 0,034. deviasi standard (SD). From same of variable analysis, it has a significant correlation with the infant growth during 3 - 6 months is only ISPA episode (r = 0,330, p = 0,005). Conclusion : ISPA episode is correlation with growth of infant during 3 - 6 Months. In preventif ISPA disease and growth faltering, it is very important by monitoring the growth of infant dan treatment of ISPA.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Epidemiology
ID Code:17420
Deposited By:Mr UPT Perpus 2
Deposited On:23 Jul 2010 11:26
Last Modified:23 Jul 2010 11:26

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