THE EFFECT OF TYPE OF FEED AND SLAUGHTER AGE ON THE PERFORMANCES AND CARCASS CHARACTERISTIC OF MALE ARAB CHICKEN

Suryanto, E and Sasongko, H and Maryam, Maryam and Santosa, R (2009) THE EFFECT OF TYPE OF FEED AND SLAUGHTER AGE ON THE PERFORMANCES AND CARCASS CHARACTERISTIC OF MALE ARAB CHICKEN. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 34 (3). pp. 181-188. ISSN 0410-6320

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Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of type of feed and slaughter age on the performances and carcass characteristics of male Arab chicken. Thirty six male Arab chicken of seven weeks old were divided into two groups, each group consisted of three cages with six chicken in each group. Two types of ration consisted of Ration One (Par-S + corn) containing 2904 kcal ME and 17 % CP, and Ration Two (BR II) containing 3100 kcal ME and 19% CP. The chicken were raised for seven weeks, weekly weighed, and randomly taken for slaughter at 12 and 14 week old. The data collected were performances and carcass characteristics of the chicken. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance of completely randomised design. The results showed that the chicken fed BR II consumed more protein and energy (483.7 g CP and 7868.8 kcal ME) compared to the chicken fed BR I (444.0 g CP and 7586.1 kcal ME). Besides, the chicken fed BR II produced heavier final body weight (1142.5 g) than the chicken fed with BR I (1048.6 g) (P < 0,05). Type of ration affected the tenderness of chicken. Slaughter age influenced carcass weight and carcass physical composition of the chicken (P<0.05). Slaughter age affected the physical characteristic of meat. It could be concluded that male Arab chicken fed ration containing higher CP and ME (higher feed density) consumed more protein and energy, and finally had heavier final body weight. Slaughter age influenced carcass weight, carcass physical composition and meat characteristics of the male Arab chicken.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions:Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences > Department of Animal Agriculture
ID Code:16700
Deposited By:Mr. Nutrisi FP Admin
Deposited On:14 Jul 2010 11:28
Last Modified:14 Jul 2010 11:28

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