Determinan Growth Faltering (Guncangan Pertumbuhan) pada Bayi Umur 2-6 Bulan yang Lahir dengan Berat Badan Normal

Purnamasari, Dyah Umiyarni and Kartasurya, Martha I and Kartini, Apoina (2009) Determinan Growth Faltering (Guncangan Pertumbuhan) pada Bayi Umur 2-6 Bulan yang Lahir dengan Berat Badan Normal. Media Medika Indonesiana, 43 (5). pp. 240-246. ISSN 0126-1762

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Official URL: http://www.mediamedika.net

Abstract

Growth faltering determinants among 2-6 years old infants born with normal birth weight Background: Poor growth in infants can be indicated by a decrease in WAZ score, and is started at the age of 3-6 months. Growth faltering can lead to growth failure. Therefore it is important to investigate growth faltering determinants to solve the growth problems. Methods: This case controls study was conducted at Kangkung subdistrict, Kendal district. Cases were the subjects who had growth faltering, and controls were the subjects who had normal growth. Thirty six subjects were included in each group. The determinant variables investigated were non-exclusive breastfeeding, no-colostrum feeding, formula feeding, early complementary food feeding, pacifier used, diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infections and lack of mother’s allocation time for caretaking. Analyses were conducted by bivariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results: Based on the results of bivariate logistic regression analyses, the determinants of growth faltering were: Non-exclusive breastfeeding (OR=3.30; 95%CI:1.15-9.52; PAR=0.61), formula feeding (OR=2.96; 95%CI:1.03-8.53 PAR=0.38), early complementary food feeding at 􀂔3 months (OR=16; 95%CI: 1.78-143.15) and upper respiratory tract infections (OR=3.35; 95%CI: 1.23-9,10; PAR=0.48). No-colostrum feeding, pacifier used, diarrhea, and lack of mother’s allocation time for caretaking were not the determinants of growth faltering. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that non-exclusive breastfeeding (OR=3.43; 95%CI: 1.15-10.17) and upper respiratory tract infections (OR=3.09; 95%CI: 1.09-8.73) were the main determinants of growth faltering. Conclusions: The main determinants of growth faltering among infants aged 2-6 months at Kangkung sub-district were nonexclusive breastfeeding and upper respiratory tract infections. It is recommended to promote exclusive breast-feeding and prevent upper respiratory tract infections among infants.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Growth faltering, non-exclusive breastfeeding, upper respiratory tract infections, infants, normal birth weight
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:UNDIP Journal > Media Medika Indonesia
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:15242
Deposited By:Mr. Kedokteran Admin
Deposited On:25 Jun 2010 10:09
Last Modified:05 Aug 2010 23:31

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