PERBANDINGAN EFEK TERAPI LASER BERDAYA RENDAH DENGAN DIATERMI GELOMBANG PENDEK DALAM PENGURANGAN NYERI DAN PERBAIKAN FUNGSIONAL PADA NYERI PUNGGUNG BAWAH MEKANIK

Mariani, E. Endang Sri (2002) PERBANDINGAN EFEK TERAPI LASER BERDAYA RENDAH DENGAN DIATERMI GELOMBANG PENDEK DALAM PENGURANGAN NYERI DAN PERBAIKAN FUNGSIONAL PADA NYERI PUNGGUNG BAWAH MEKANIK. Masters thesis, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

.013 active : To compare the therapeutic effects of low level laser therapy and shod wave diathermy.on patients with mechanical low back pain (LBP). D esi (in : Pre and post test control group design. Participants : Thirty-six ambulatory men and women with subacute and chronic mechanical LBP, range from 21 and 60 years old, were devided into two randomized groups : the laser group and the SWD group which consists of 18 subjects each. Setting : Medical Rehabilitation Department of Dr. Kariadi Hospital, Sernarang. Time : November 2001 to April 2002. Interventions : The laser group received low level laser therapy Ga-As-Al 830 nm emmitted 2 joule/cm2 which focused on 8 points (4 level in the same distance, for both sides, right and left ; 1 point 1 cm2) at region of paraspinal L2-S3, 3 times a week with 2- 3 days interval for two weeks (6 treatment sessions). The SWD group received short wave diathermy 27,12 MHz with 60 W of dosage for 15 minutes with a diplode (book) inductive aplicator at lumbosacral region, 3 times a week with 2-3 days interval for 2 weeks (6 treatment sessions). The education of Proper Body Mechanic is given to all subjects of the two groups. Main outcome measures : Pain reduction assessed by Visual Analogue Pain Rating Scale (IAS), and functional improvement assessed by The Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index (OD!). Results : The laser group had decrease of both VAS value (p=0.000) and ODI score (p=0.000) significantly. The SWD group also had decrease of both VAS value (p=0.000) and ODI score (p=0.000) significantiy.There were no significant differences between the two treatment groups either on the decrease of VAS value (p=0.389) or OD! score (p=0.743). Conclusion : Both low level laser therapy and short wave diathermy were capable in reducing pain and increasing functional ability on patients with mechanical LBP, with no significant differences between them.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Biomedical Science
ID Code:14741
Deposited By:Mr UPT Perpus 2
Deposited On:17 Jun 2010 08:31
Last Modified:17 Jun 2010 08:31

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