Pengembangan Co-Management Taman Nasional Karimunjawa

Purwanti, Frida and Alikodra, Hadi S. and Basuni, Sambas and Soedharma, Dedi (2008) Pengembangan Co-Management Taman Nasional Karimunjawa. ILMU KELAUTAN, 13 (3). pp. 159-166. ISSN 0853 - 7291

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Abstract

Co-management is an arrangement that share resources management responsibility between governmentand users. Increasing resource utilization of Karimunjawa national park has degrade its’ resources so thatthreatening the status. The main goal of this study was to formulate a driven policy on co-managementdevelopment of the park by analysing policy and institutional management; evaluating management capacityand identifying key factors for co-management development. The study was conducted from April 2006 toMarch 2007 at Karimunjawa, Jepara using descriptive analytical approach. Data were analysed qualitativelyusing prospective analysis. The result showed that there is a disharmonisation regulation on management ofthe park without clear mechanism for collaboration and limited management capacity. Therefore it is need co-management development through synchronization perception and vision, participation and commitmentcommunication and negotiation, and coordination of stakeholders to arrange resources’ utilization regulation,to build a stakeholders forum and to formulate “rule of the game” based on the principles of mutuallyrespect, mutual trust, reciprocal accountability and sharing responsibility and benefit. Co-management adalah suatu pengaturan dimana tanggung jawab pengelolaan sumberdaya dibagi antarapemerintah dan pengguna. Peningkatan pemanfatan sumberdaya Taman Nasional Karimunjawa telah menurunkankualitas sumberdaya dan jika dibiarkan akan mengancam status TNKJ. Tujuan utama studi adalah merumuskanarahan kebijakan pengembangan co-management Taman Nasional Karimunjawa dengan menganalisa kebijakandan kelembagaan pengelolaan, mengevaluasi kapasitas pengelolaan dan mengidentifikasi faktor kuncipengembangan co-management. Studi dilakukan dari bulan April 2006 sampai Maret 2007 di Karimunjawa,Jepara menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif analitik. Data dianalisa secara kualitatif dengan analisis prospektif.Hasil menunjukkan adanya disharmonisasi peraturan dalam pengelolaan TNKJ dan terbatasnya kapasitaspengelolaan. Untuk itu diperlukan pengelolaan dengan co-management melalui pengaturan koordinasi yaitupembentukan forum stakeholder dari MOU antara BTNK dan Pemerintah Kabupaten Jepara, pembuatan aturanmain dalam pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan sumberdaya TNKJ, dan membuat aksi kegiatan kolaborasi strategisyang komprehensif dengan kerja sinergi stakeholders sesuai kapasitas dan kemampuannya berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip saling menghargai, saling mempercayai, saling bertanggung gugat, saling berbagi tanggung jawabdan berbagi keuntungan.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Co-management, Karimunjawa National Park, Co-management, Taman Nasional Karimunjawa
Subjects:S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Doctor Program in Coastal Resources Management
ID Code:1426
Deposited By:Mr. Sugeng Priyanto
Deposited On:20 Oct 2009 13:28
Last Modified:20 Oct 2009 13:28

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