STUDI PREVALENSI ANEMIA DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN FASCIOLOPSIASIS PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DESA SAILANG DURUM:, TELAGA :MAS DAN BANUA TIMBUL KECAMATAN BANAU PANGGANG KABUPATEN HULU SUNGAI UTARA PROPINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN TAHUN 2002

KUSASI , AKHMAD (2002) STUDI PREVALENSI ANEMIA DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN FASCIOLOPSIASIS PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DESA SAILANG DURUM:, TELAGA :MAS DAN BANUA TIMBUL KECAMATAN BANAU PANGGANG KABUPATEN HULU SUNGAI UTARA PROPINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN TAHUN 2002. Masters thesis, program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

Studi prevalensi anemia dan kaitannya dengan Fasciolopsiavis pada anak usia sekolah Di Desa Sarang Burling, Telaga Mas dan Banua Timbul Keeamatan Danau Panggang Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Thara Propinsi Kalimantan SeMin tahun 2002 XV, 90 halaman + tabel + grafik + gambar + lampiran. -- Latar belakang : anemia adalab 1:each-tan berkurangnya sel darah merah atau menurunnya kadar Hb, sampai dengan dibawah nilai normal sebagai akibat dari kekurangan satu atau lebih zat gizi esensial ; keadaan anemia dapat terjadi pada penderita penyakit kecacingan, khusus lasciolopsictsis sebagai akibat cacing yang menyerang saluran pencernaan manusia, akan mengganggu penyerapan zat gizi oleh tubuh, terjadinya diare, muntah-muntah, gangguan kecerdasan, masa pertumbuhan dan dengan derajat infeksi berat menyebabkan anemia; Kasus anemia secara nasional 37 % - 43 % pada anak usia sekolah ; di Kecamatan Danau Panggang sejak pertama kali tahun 1981 hingga sekarang masih ditemukan penyakit kecacingan F. buski, khususnya di desa penelitian. Tujuan studi ; untuk memperoleh gambaran prevalensi anemia dan prevalensi kecacingan lascio/opsiavis dan menganalisis faktor risiko pola konsumsi sayuran dan buah serta kegiatan mandi cuci kalcus pada penduduk usia sekolah di desa Sarang Burung, Telaga Mas dan Banua Timbul. Metode penelitian ; dalam bentuk survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional, dilak-ukan uji bivariat dan stratifikasi variabel pengganggu dari hasil interview menggunakan kuesioner didukung uji laboratorium tinja metode eosin dan kato katz dan Hb darah termasuk menghitung jumlah eritrosit. Basil penelitian ; ditemukan 31 orang mengandung telur buski dari 521 responden dan 70 orang sampel ditemukan 60.0 % termasuk katagori anemia ringan/ sedang ; analisis bivariat rasio prevalensi kejadian anemia dengan kecacingan fctsciolopsiasis adalah = 1.75, ( CI 95 % = 1,16 — 2,63 ) ; rasio prevalensi konsumsi sayur teratai air = 2.39, ( CI 95 % = 1.80 13.17 ). Kesimpulan : disarankan kepada pengelola program di Departemen Kesehatan untuk meneliti dan mengkaji faktor lain yang mendukung masih terjadinya infeksi sambil melanjutkan upaya pemberantasan ; pernyataan kepada masyarakat bahwa diperbolehkan mengkonsumsi sayuran teratai air asal dibersihkan dan dimasak sempurna sebelum dimakan . Kata Kunei : Anemia, Fasciolopsis buski, Kato katz, Hutu Sungai Utara 2002. Kepustakaan 44, 1961 — 2002. The study on anemia prevalence and its correlation with Pasciolapsiasis on school age children in Sarang Burung Vilage, Telaga Mas and Banua Timbui in Danau Panggang Regency Huhi Sungai Utara District Southern Kalimantan Province on 2002. XV, 90 pages + tables + graphs + pictures + appendixes Background. Anemia is a condition in which the patient suffers from the declining amount of erythrocyte or haemoglobin or Hb, below the normal level as a result fi-om infeciency of one or more essential nutrients. Anemia can occur in fitsciolopsiasis patient. It is caused-1 by the Hud helm;nth that attack digestive tract and furthermore it will disrupt the body function to absorb nutrition from food. The symptoms are diarrhea, vomit, intelligence disorder, the body growth disorder, and serious infection. Prevalence of anemia nationally occurr to the school age children about 37% to 43%. The present of Fasciolopsiasis husky has been found in Danau Panggang Regency, especially in the observed village, since 1981. Objective The objective of this study is to get the description about anemia and Faseiolopsiasis prevalence through analyzing risk factors on vegetable and fruit consumption as well as the sanitary activities on school age children in Sarang Burung village, Telaga Mas and Banua Timbul. Method. This research study is survey using cross sectional approach. Data were collected by interviewing the respondent guided by questionaire. laboratory tests were was done by using eosin, kato katz method to identivy Fctsciolopsis husky. To confirm the existance of anemia , Hb measurement and erythrocyte count were implemented. Result. The result shows that 31 people of 521 respondents suffer from Fctsciolopsiasis husky. Among 70 respondents whose blood were taken for laboratory test, 60.0% were mild/ medium anemia . Risk to get anemia among those who suffer from Fasciolopsictsis ( prevalence odd ratio/ POR ) = 1.75, ( CI 95% = 1,16-2,63), POR for getting Fascio/opsis busky infection among people who consumed aquatic lotus is 2.39, ( CI 95% =1.80-3.17). Conclusion. It is recommended to program supervisor in Health Department to examine and analyze other factors which support the infestation incident at the same time as continuing eradication the disease; and give notification to the resident that they may consume vegetable including aquatic lotus as long as it is washed and well cooked before serving. Key Words : Anemia, Fasciolopsiasis buski, Kato katz, Hulu Sungai Utara District, Southern Kalimantan Province 2002 Reference 44, 1961 — 2002

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Public Health
ID Code:13758
Deposited By:Mr UPT Perpus 1
Deposited On:08 Jun 2010 11:51
Last Modified:08 Jun 2010 11:51

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