HUBUNGAN KADAR Pb UDARA, KANDUNGAIN Pb DALAM URINE DENCAN KELUARAN MATERNAL & NEONATUS PADA PEDAGANG DI TERMINAL TIRTONADI SURAKARTA TAHUN 2002 (The Relationship Between The Content of The Lead (Pb) in The Air, The Content of The Lead (Pb) in Urine with The Outcome of Maternal and Neonatus of The Seller in The Bus Terminal of Tirtonadi in Surakarta, 2002)

ASTUTI, SRI RATNA (2002) HUBUNGAN KADAR Pb UDARA, KANDUNGAIN Pb DALAM URINE DENCAN KELUARAN MATERNAL & NEONATUS PADA PEDAGANG DI TERMINAL TIRTONADI SURAKARTA TAHUN 2002 (The Relationship Between The Content of The Lead (Pb) in The Air, The Content of The Lead (Pb) in Urine with The Outcome of Maternal and Neonatus of The Seller in The Bus Terminal of Tirtonadi in Surakarta, 2002). Masters thesis, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

The increasing number of motor vehicle in Central Java has seriously brought the health effects to community because of the increasing pollution of the Lead (Pb) in the air. The aim of research is to find the relationship between the content of the Lead (Pb) in the air, the content of the Lead (Pb) in urine with the outcome of maternal and neonatus of the seller in the bus terminal of Tirtonadi in Surakarta, 2002. This is an explanatory research using cross-sectional approach. The population of this research is all women who are a seller and 20-40 years old. Thirty-one samples (total population) were taken. The measuring of the Lead (Pb) content in the air used AAS method. The interviewing of the respondents collected the outcome data of maternal and neonatus. The result analysis used the multiple-correlation test with significance level on 0.05 and used prevalence ratio. Based on statistical analysis, it is known that the content of the Lead (Pb) in the air has significant relationship with the outcome of neonatus (p value < 0.05). The working duration has significant relationship with the health interference (p value < 0.05). The Lead (Pb) in the air is predicted as the risk factor for maternal outcome (RP>1) and the Lead (Pb) in urine is predicted as the risk factor for neonatus outcome (RP>1). There is a significant relationship between the Lead (Pb) in the air with the outcome of neonatus in the bus terminal of Tirtonadi in Surakarta. Dengan meningkatnya juntlah kendaraan bermotor di Jawa Tengah, membawa dampak kesehatan yang serius terhadap masyarakat sekitarnya karena adanya peningkatan pencemaran Pb di udara. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan kadar Pb udara, kandungan Pb dalam twin dengan keluaran maternal & neonatus pada pedagang di Terminal Tirtonadi Surakarta tahun 2002. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksplanatory dengan desain Cross Sectional. Populasinya adalah pedagang wanita pasangan usia subur dengan batas usia 20 - 40 tahun. Besar sampel sebanyak 31 responden (total populasi). Pengukuran kadar Pb udara dan Pb urine menggunakan metode AM, sedangkan data keluaran maternal & neonatus serta lainnya diperoleh dengan wawancara pada responden. Analisa hasil dengan uji multipel korelasi dengan tingkat kemaknaan 0,05 dan perhitungan rasio prevalensi. Hasil analisa menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan signifikan antara Pb udara dengan keluaran neonatus dengan nilai p value < 0,05 dan antara masa kerja dengan gangguan kesehatan dengan nilai p value < 0,05. Pb udara merupakan fakior risiko terjadinya keluaran maternal dengan nilai RP > 1, dan Pb urine merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya keluaran neonatus dengan RP > 1. Ada korelasi yang signifikan antara Pb udara dengan keluaran neonatus pada pedagang di Terminal Tirtonadi Surakarta

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Epidemiology
ID Code:13655
Deposited By:Mr UPT Perpus 2
Deposited On:07 Jun 2010 13:57
Last Modified:07 Jun 2010 13:57

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