HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI (LILA DAN KADAR HAEMOGLOBIN) IBU HAMIL TRIMESTER III DENGAN BERAT LAHIR BAYI

ANTARINI, YUNIATI (2003) HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI (LILA DAN KADAR HAEMOGLOBIN) IBU HAMIL TRIMESTER III DENGAN BERAT LAHIR BAYI. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
18Kb

Official URL: http://www.fkm.undip.ac.id

Abstract

Status gizi (LILA) dan kadar haemoglobin ibu khususnya trimester III mempunyai peranan penting dalam pertumbuhan janin. Konsumsi makanan serta penyakit yang diderita dapat berakibat buruk terhadap pertumbuhan janin dan mengakibatkan berat badan bayi lahir kurang dari 2500 gr. Pada ibu hamil yang menderita kekurangan energi dan protein akan menyebabkan ukuran plasenta lebih kecil dan suplai nutrisi dari ibu ke janin berkurang, sehingga terjadi retardasi perkembangan janin intra uteria dan bayi dengan berat badan lahir rendah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara status gizi (LILA)dan kadar haemoglobin ibu hamil trimester III dengan berat lahir bayi. Jenis Penelitian ini adalah penelitian penjelasan dan menggunakan metode survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah semua ibu hamil trimester III yang memeriksakan kehamilannya di Puskesmas Sanden bantul DIY, sedangkan sampel diperoleh sejumlah 41 ibu hamil yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Data diuji dengan Product Moment Pearson. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa status gizi (LILA)ibu hamil rata-rata 24,35 cm + 2,24 (normal), ibu hamil yang menderita KEK 29,3% dan non KEK yaitu 70,7 %, ibu hamil yang menderita anemia yaitu 14,6 % dan yang tidak anemia 85,4 %. Rata-rata kadar haemoglobin ibu hamil 11,5 gr/dl + 0,79 (normal), sedangkan rata-rata berat bayi lahir 3,08 kg + 0,484 (normal), yang BBLR yaitu 12,2 % dan yang normal 87,8 %. Tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara status gizi (LILA) ibu hamil trimester III dengan berat lahir bayi (p=0,243), ada hubungan yang bermakna antara kadar haemoglobin ibu hamil trimester III dengan berat lahir bayi (p=0,003). Saran bagi ibu hamil yang KEK supaya diadakan penyuluhan tentang bahan makanan yang mengandung zat besi tinggi serta membantu penyerapan Fe, bagi ibu hamil yang anemia perlu diadakan pemantauan suplemen tablet tambah darah dan pemantauan kadar haemoglobin setiap kali periksa kehamilan. Kata Kunci: Status Gizi (LILA), Kadar Haemoglobin, Berat Lahir Bayi, Ibu Hamil Trimester III ASSOCIATION BETWEEN NUTRITIONAL STATUS (UPPER ARM CIRCLE PREGNANT WOMEN AND NEWBORN BIRTH AND HAEMOGLOBIN LEVEL) OF THIRD TRIMESTER WEIGHT (2003 - Skripsi) Nutritional status (upper arm circle) and haemoglobin level for pregnant women specially in third trimester have important part in pregnancy. Nutrition consumed and illness can effect to pregnancy and effect to newborn birth weight less 2500 gr. Pregnant women who lack of energy and protein will effect to smaller size of placenta and supply nutrition from mother to baby, so that became retardation of intra uteria growth and low newborn brth weight. The object of research is to know association between nutrition status (upper arm circle) and haemoglobin level of third trimester pregnant women and newborn birth weight. The kind of research is description research and use survey method by cross sectional approach. Population of research are all third trimester pregnant women who check up their pregnancy in Puskesmas Sanden Bantul DIY, by the way sample get 41 of pregnant women who fill inclution and exclution category. Data are tested bay Product Moment Pearson. The result of research indicates that nutrition status (upper arm circle) of pregnant women in average 24,35 cm + 2,24 (normal), KEK pregnant women 29,3 % and non KEK 70,7 %, anaemia pregnant women 14,6 % and unanaemia 85,4 %. Average of pregnant women haemoglobin level in 11,5 gr/dl + 0,79 (normal), average newborn birth weight 3,08 kg + 0,484 (normal), low birth weight 12,2 % and 87,8 % in normal. There is no significant association between nutrition status (upper arm circle) of third trimester pregnant women with newborn birth weight (p=0,243). There is significant association between haemoglobin level of third trimester pregnant women with newborn birth weight (p=0,003). The suggestion for KEK pregnant women are given a knowledge of nutrition that contain high Fe substance and to help absorbtion of the Fe, for anaemia pregnant women need to be controlled for supplement of Fe tablet and haemoglobin level every pregnancy check up. Keyword: Nutritional Status (Upper Arm Circle), Haemoglobin Level, Newborn Birth Weight, Third Trimester Pregnant Women

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:12776
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:01 Jun 2010 14:57
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 14:57

Repository Staff Only: item control page