PETA DISTRIBUSI DAN PERKEMBANGAN POPULASI SAPI POTONG BERBASIS SUMBERDAYA LOKAL DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS (Distribution Map and Population Growth of Beef Cattle Based On the Local Resources in Banyumas Regency)

PURWANINGSIH, HERMIN (2005) PETA DISTRIBUSI DAN PERKEMBANGAN POPULASI SAPI POTONG BERBASIS SUMBERDAYA LOKAL DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS (Distribution Map and Population Growth of Beef Cattle Based On the Local Resources in Banyumas Regency). Masters thesis, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

Distribution and population growth of beef cattle in the area which are not suitable into the local resources supplies (phyhics factor, social, economic factor) causes imbalance situation between animal population into the local resources. Population growth of beef cattle in the area need to notice a local resources supplies, so Distribution Map and Population Growth of Beef Cattle Based On the Local Resources need to be observed. The study was carried out since et January up to 30th March 2004 at Banyumas Regency. The aims of this study is to know and compare the distribution map of beef cattle population at each district, and of to analysis the effect of phyisics, social, and economic factors into the population growth of beef cattle at Banydrms Regency. Survey methods was applied in this experiment. Sample determination was conducted by purposive sampling. The effect of physic factor, social, and economic factor into the population growth of beef cattle or animal owner numbers was ana lyzed by using multiple linear regression equation. The observed indipendent variables was forage feeding (kg dry matter per day) as physic factor, smallholder labour (daywork per day) as social factor, and sale value of beef cattle (rupiahs) as economic factor. Population growth of beef cattle or animal owner numbers (ST) was as a dependent variables. The SPPS (Statisti•al Packed for Social Science) program version 12.0 was utilized for analyzing the equation of multiple linear regression. The experiment showed that in Banyumas Regency consisted of five strata e.g. highly density, density, medium, small, very small density. The multiple linear regression equation of forage feeding (Xi), smallholder labour (X2), and sale value of animals (X3) into the population growth of beef cattle or animal owner numbers (Y) was Y = 0,002 - 0,026 X1 + 0,076 X2 -F 0,946 X3 while R2 = 98,40%. In conclusion that growth population of beef cattle in Banyurn as Regency was affected by physic, social, and economic factors. Pendistribusian dan perkembangan populasi sapi potong di suatu wilayah yang tidak sesuai dengan ketersediaan sumber daya lokal (faktor- faktor fisik, sosial dan ekonomi) yang ada, menyebabkan ketidak seimbangan antara populasi ternak dengan sumber daya lokal. Perkembangan populasi sapi potong di suatu wilayah perlu memperhatikan ketersediaan sumber daya lokal, sehingga perlu penelitian tentang Peta Distribusi dan Perkembangan Populasi Sapi Potong Berbasis Sumber Daya Lokai. Penelitian thi di laksanakan sejak tang] i Januari sampai tanggal 30 Maret 2004 di wilayah Kabupaten Banyuffias. Tujuan penclitian untuk mengetahui dan membandingkan peta distribusi populasi sapi potong di masing-masing kecamatan, serta untuk menganalisis pengartth faktor-faktor fisik, sosial, dan ekonomi terhadap perkembangan populasi sapi potong di K.abupaten Banyurnas. Metode penelitian yang diiakukan adalah metode survei. Penentuan sampel dilakukan dengan sengaja. Pengaruh faktor-faktor fisik, sosial, dan ekonomi terhadap perkembangan populasi sapi potong atau jumlah kepemilikan sapi potong dianalisis dengan persamaan garis regresi 'Mier berganda. Peubah bebas yang diamati adalah penyajian hijauan pakan (kg bahan kering per hari) sebagai faktor fisik, pencurahan tenaga kerja.peternak (had kerja atau FLK per had) sebagai faktor sosial, dan nilai jual sapi potong (Rp) sebagai faktor ekonomi. Perkembangan populasi sapi potong atau jumiah kepemilikan sapi potong (ST) sebagai peubah tidak bebas. Program statistik SPSS (Statistical Packed frit Social Science) versi 12.0 digunakan untuk mengana-lisis persamaan regresi tinier berganda. Hnsil penehtian menunjukkan bahwa di Kabupaten Banyumas terbagi menjadi lima strata yakni stratum sangat padat, padat, sedang, sedikit, dan sangat sedikit ternak. Hubungan antara penyajian hijauan pakan (X1), peneurahan tenaga kerja peternak (X2), dan niiai jual sapi potong (X3) terhadap perkembangan populasi sapi potong atau jumlah kepemilikan sapi potorig (Y) menunjukkan persamaan garis regresi Ether berganda Y= 0,002 - 0,026 `A:l + 0,076 )1.2 ± 0,946 '`A.3 dengan R2 = 98,40%. Hal ini berarti perkembangan popuiasi sapi potong di Kabupaten Banyumas dipengaruhi oleh faktor-faktor fisik, sosial dan ekonomi.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Animal Agriculture
ID Code:12747
Deposited By:Mr UPT Perpus 2
Deposited On:01 Jun 2010 14:13
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 14:13

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