KARAKTERISTIK POLA TATA RUANG KARSTEN PADA KAWASAN TALANG SEMUT PALEMBANG

LESTARI, ENDANG SRI (2002) KARAKTERISTIK POLA TATA RUANG KARSTEN PADA KAWASAN TALANG SEMUT PALEMBANG. Masters thesis, PROGRAM PASCASARJANA UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO .

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Pada masa penjajahan Belanda, Indonesia mengalami pengaruh kebudayaan Barat dalam berbagai segi kehidupan. Para perencana kota dan arsitek Belanda pada waktu itu tidak sedikit menerapkan konsep lokal didalam merencana dan mengembangkan kota, permukiman dan bangunan-bangunan. Pada tahun 1914 Thomas Karsten hadir di Indonesia sebagai arsitek perencana kota, is mengusulkan suatu konsep pengendalian perkembangan kota di Hindia Belanda, hal ini disebabkan kondisi perumahan dan perkembangan permukiman di Hindia Belanda semakin memburuk dan ini telah mengugah Karsten untuk twat memperbaikinya. Sampai saat in karya Thomas Karsten yang berada di kota-kota di Jawa sudah banyak diteliti dan dipublikasikan baik oleh kalangan ilmuwan, sejarahwan maupun para birokrat, banyak pula yang sudah mulai dilestarikan, tetapi karya Thomas Karsten yang ada di Pulau Sumatera dan Kalimantan belum pernah ada satupun yang meneliti ataupun yang mempublikasikannya. Thomas Karsten diangkat menjadi penasehat (Adviseur) kota Palembang pada tahun 1933-1938, dan Ia menyusun suatu paket yang lengkap untuk perencanaan. Kawasan Talang Semut Palembang adalah kawasan yang terletak di Pulau Sumatera yang merupakan kawasan dengan karakteristik tersendiri yang berbeda dengan lingkungan disekitamya. Pada waktu penjajahan Belanda kawasan tersebut merupakan kawasan pemukithan Eropa. Untuk dapat membuktikan bahwa pola tata ruang kawasan Talang Semut Palembang yang punya ciri khas tersendiri adalah karya Ir. Thomas Karsten diperlukan pemahaman tentang pemikiran dan konsep Ir. Thomas Karsten juga karakter pola tata ruang yang terbentuk di kawasan tersebut, karena pemahaman tentang pemikiran Karsten dan karakter pola tata ruang yang telah menjadi ciri khas dapat dipakai sebagai salah satu pertimbangan dalam menciptakan lingkungan. Dalam membuktikan karakter pola tata ruang Karsten pada kawasan Talang Semut Palembang dilakukan pembahasan melalui pendekatan rasionalistik dengan paradigma kualitatif terhadap komponen-komponen penelitian yang ditetapkan sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian yaitu membuktikan karakter pola tata ruang yang terbentuk melalui elemen fisik sebagai akumulasi dan elemen-elemen perancangan kota berupa penggunaan lahan, massa dan bentuk bangunan, sirkulasi dan ruang parkir, ruang terbuka, jalan pedestrian, aktifitas pendukung, simbol dan konservasi yang digali melalui teori pokok perancangan kota dan konsep Karsten. ABSTRACT In the Dutch time, Indonesia got the west culture influence in different live. All the city designer and all of the Dutch Architect at the time not little to used local concept to plan and developt city, settlement and buildings. In 1914 Thomas Karsten come to Indonesia as the plan architect city, He had a control concept about development city in Indiesche Holland, that was caused by the settlement condition and development settlement in Indiesche Holland, as wicker and wicker it had awoke Karsten to participate to improve. Until now, design by Thomas Karsten there was in cities of Java had been much researched and publicated by intellectuals, historians, either birocrats and so much to begin uninterrupted, but Thomas Karsten work there was in Sumatera and Kalimantan that was never a one peson that research or that publicated. Thomas Karsten was pointed to Adviseur in Palembang city in 1933-1938 and He Arranged a perfect packed for palnning. The Talang Semut Palembang area was located in Sumatera Island that looked with characteristic only that different from around it. At the Colonial Dutch time, that area looked the Europe settlement area. To improve that city pattern shaped Talang Semut Palembang that had a special characteristic was Thomas Karsten work, was needed by comprehension about His idea and concept, also city pattern shaped that was shapped in that area because comprehension or Karsten idea and city pattern shaped that had became special sign could be used as once of decision to create area. In to prove the character city pattern shaped of by Thomas Karsten in Talang Semut Palembang area to conduct by rationalistic approachment with qualitative paradigm against to research components that was fitted decision according to research achievment that was to improved characteristic of city pattern that shaped by physical elements as an accumulation of city planning elements like land use, mass and building shape, circulation and parking, open space, pedestrian ways, supporting facilities, symbol and preservation that was dug by city panning theories and concept by Thomas Karsten. The base of result on the research could be proved that was the character city pattern that shape in Talang Semut Palembang area actually to shape, linear pattern, curvilinear, radial concentric and cul de sac shaped, group pattern and spreated. That shapped was shaped by Thomas Karsten created development city in Indonesia. On this paper, result of this research can prove that Talang Semut Palembang area is design by Thomas Karsten.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Urban and Regional Planning
ID Code:11978
Deposited By:Ms upt perpus3
Deposited On:27 May 2010 11:04
Last Modified:27 May 2010 11:04

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