EVALUASI KONDISI PASCA HUNT DI KAWASAN PERMUKIMAN RELOKASI KORBAN KEBAKARAN RSS DAMAI III KOTA BALIKPAPAN

PRASETYO, AGUS BUDI (2002) EVALUASI KONDISI PASCA HUNT DI KAWASAN PERMUKIMAN RELOKASI KORBAN KEBAKARAN RSS DAMAI III KOTA BALIKPAPAN. Masters thesis, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

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Abstract

A relocation program, especially to overcome natural disasters, has a tendency of being emergency and imperfect in planning so that some important considerations concerning to society preferences in deciding their residency become less ignored as said by Rees (1980). At last the relocation program implementation will put more orientation on meeting houses demands as basic ones so that generating policies are to fulfill people housing demand in mathematical counts. In the case of the relocation of Damai III in Balikpapan City, it can be seen that there is an interesting phenomena to be studied. On one side, the program at the beginning of dwelling was assumed less consider the society preferences so that the target is not optimally attained. The other side the existing condition of the after dwelling shows that the relocation become a fast growing area and favorite to Balikpapan society. The phenomena will be studied in this thesis. By studying the case of the relocation in Damai the research objectives are to study the after-dwelling condition and the preference factors and influencing perceptions of the societies in deciding to dwell in the relocation area. The aims of the study are to find out the socio-economic characteristics of the relocated societies, to know the relocation area characteristics, and to identify and analyze the influencing factors of people preferences as their basic to make a decision to live in the relocation area. The method being used in the research is a descriptive method with an evaluative and ex post facto approach. The techniques to analyze research results will integrate qualitative and quantitative ones. The quantitative techniques are a statistic descriptive (frequency distribution, table, graphics, percentage, diagram) and cross tabulation. The number of the research sampling is 91 (ninety-one) people based on the random sampling method. From the research shows findings i.e. (1). Some conditions in the location area that do not meet the society preferences are accessibility to service facilities, down town, and working places is relatively difficult at the beginning of dwelling that caused by no public transportation serving the area and the physic quality of the houses in the relocation is also not quite good and the infrastructure is not quite enough as well The condition is suspected as one of the reasons makes some dwellers (20 %) moved to other location. (2). The housing infrastructures especially local roads and drainage at the beginning of the dwelling are not relatively enough and the condition is not quite good even though the infrastructure condition is better than in the previous dwellings. (3). The positive findings although a little bit too late are that the Local Government consistently keeps on internally and externally developing the relocation area so that the location area had become an interesting housing and a generating point of the surrounding area. The conclusions of the research are (I). The condition of relocation area at the beginning of the dwelling is not as expected by the society preferences as a basic need and sustain their daily lives i.e. the physics quality of their houses is not quite good and accessibility is quite difficult as well. However, The Balikpapan City local government consistently keeps on developing step by step andfinally became growth fast (2). Factors to be considered for relocation programs to make society enjoy staying in the relocation area are consists of the dwelling quality (physic and non-physic), infrastructure and accessibility factors. Recommendation to be conveyed are: (1). In implementing the relocation program, the Local Government should seriously consider the basic needs as expected by society preferences in order that the society do not feel that the relocation program is a form of discard (2). In this case, three principal basics to be taken as priority are the provision of the proper dwelling easy access to places by public transportation and the proper housing facilities and infrastructures to sustain their lives; (3) the implemented relocation program needs to be evaluated as soon as possible at the beginning of the after-dwelling time and proceeded by the following program to consistently improve it (4). Learned from the case of the relocation of Damai III, the local Government needs to determine a certain area in the Land Use Planning of Balikpapan city to anticipate if the local government opts the relocation program as an alternative of the housing arrangement caused by disaster Pe easily) or commonly slump area arrangement By putting into the City Spatial Planning the mobilization and support of resources, fund and other facilities and infrastructures can be carefully arranged, planned and managed

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions:Postgraduate Program > Master Program in Urban and Regional Planning
ID Code:11830
Deposited By:Mr UPT Perpus 2
Deposited On:26 May 2010 13:49
Last Modified:26 May 2010 13:49

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