Cardiac arrest in a child during a combined general epidural anesthesia procedure

Soenarjo, Soenarjo and Prabakti, Yudhi and Siahaan, Edwin MP and Soemantri,, A and Sidhartani,, M (2005) Cardiac arrest in a child during a combined general epidural anesthesia procedure. Paediatrica Indonesiana, 45 (5-6). pp. 132-136. ISSN 0030-9311

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Abstract

An increased risk of perioperative cardiac arrest in children, in comparison to adults, has been recognized. A number of factors associated with perioperative cardiac arrest have been identified, including young age, comorbidities, and emergency surgery. Since anesthesia-related cardiac arrest is uncommon, a multi-related database is required to understand the mechanisms of cardiac arrest and to develop preventive strategies. Most cardiac arrests occur during induction (37%) or maintenance (45%) of anesthesia, usually following one or more of the following antecedent events, i.e., bradycardia (54%), hypotension (49%), abnormality of oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (48%), inability to measure blood pressure (25%), abnormality of endtidal CO2 (21%), cyanosis (21%), or arrhythmia (18%). In 11% of cases, cardiac arrest occurred without recognized warning.1 There are only few reports in the literature, and in Kariadi Hospital, none has ever been reported. The aim of this report is to identify and discuss possible causes of cardiac arrest and to anticipate its complications.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cardiac arrest,epidural anesthesia procedure
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Medicine
ID Code:1160
Deposited By:Mr. Kedokteran Admin
Deposited On:05 Oct 2009 11:28
Last Modified:05 Oct 2009 11:28

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