FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN BERTA BAYI LAHIR DI RUANG KEBIDANAN RS KOL. ABUN DJANI BANGKO KAB.MERANGIN PROPINSI JAMBI

AMRONI, AMRONI (2004) FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN BERTA BAYI LAHIR DI RUANG KEBIDANAN RS KOL. ABUN DJANI BANGKO KAB.MERANGIN PROPINSI JAMBI. Undergraduate thesis, Diponegoro University.

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Abstract

Masalah bayi dengan berat bayi lahir rendah (BBLR) masih merupakan penyebab utama angka kesakitan dan kematian perinatal. Kejadian BBLR dapat ditanggulangi secara efisien yaitu dengan upaya pencegahan apabila diketahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan BBLR. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap berat bayi lahir (BBLR) yaitu umur ibu, jarak kelahiran, frekuensi pemeriksaan kehamilan, paritas,status gizi (LILA) dan kadar Hb terhadap BBL. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksplanatif yang menggunakan pendekatan Cross Sectionalkarena semua variabel penelitian dikumpulkan pada waktu yang sama.Populasi penelitian ini adalah rata-rata bayi perbulan yang dilahirkan di ruang kebidanan RS. Kol Abun Djani Bangko Kab. Merangin Prop. Jambi tahun 2003 sebanyak 35 bayi. Sedangkan jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 32 bayi, namun dalam pelaksanaannya sampel yang diambil sebanyak 50 bayi. Uji statistik yang digunakan untuk variabel umur responden, frekuensi pemeriksaan kehamilan, kadar Hb ibu hamil serta BBL adalah uji Pearson Product Moment. Sedangkan variabel jarak kelahiran,paritas dan status gizi (LILA) adalah uji Rank Spearmen. Hasil penelitian menunjukan adanya hubungan yang bermakna antara umur ibu, jarak kelahiran,paritas,status gizi (LILA), dan kadar Hb ibu hamil trimester III terhadap BBL. Sebagian besar sampel yaitu 62% melahirkan bayi dengan BBLN dan 38,0% melahirkan bayi dengan BBLR. Responden dengan kadar Hb normal sebanyak 48,0% dan kelompok umur yang mempunyai resiko rendah untuk melahirkan sebanyak 48%. Kata Kunci: Berat Bayi Lahir,RS.Kol.Abun Djani Bangko FACTORS RELATED TO BIRTH WEIGHT IN THE MIDWIFERY ROOM AT KOL. ABUN DJANI BANGKO HOSPITAL,MERANGIN DISTRICT, JAMBI PROPIVINCE Problem related to birth born with low weight still becomes the main cause of perinatal illness and death. This incident can be solved efficiently with prevention efforts when the factors relates to low weighted babies are known. This research has an aim to know the relation between factors that influence the born babies'weight, they are: Mothers' age,the delivery range, the frequency of pregnancy examination,parity,nutrient status and Hb degree of born babies weight. This research is an explanatory research with an approach of cross sectional since all of its variable were collected at the same time. The research population is the average babies born in the midwifery room at Kol. Abun Djani Hospital, Merangin Regency, jambi Province per month and there were 35 babies,The sample involved 32 babies, but in realization the sample involved 50 babies. This research used the Pearson Product momeTest for the respondents' age,the frequency of pregnancy examination, the Hb degree of pregnant women, and born babies'weight variables. while for the delivery range,parity,and nutrient status variables used The Chi Square Test. The resulth shows that there are causation relathionships between the mothers'age,the delivery range,the frequency of pregnancy examination,parity nutrient status, and the Hb degree of pregnant women at the third semeter to the born babies' weight. Most the sample, 62% born normal weighted babies and 38,0% born low weighted babies. Respondents with normal Hb degree number in 48,0% and the group which has low risks to deliver a baby is 48%. Keyword: Born Birth Weight,Kol.Abun Djani Bangko Hospital.

Item Type:Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Public Health > Department of Public Health
ID Code:10106
Deposited By:admin FKM undip
Deposited On:05 May 2010 15:12
Last Modified:05 May 2010 15:12

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